The Comparative Validity of 11 Modern Personality Inventories: Predictions of Behavioral Acts, Informant Reports, and Clinical Indicators

  title={The Comparative Validity of 11 Modern Personality Inventories: Predictions of Behavioral Acts, Informant Reports, and Clinical Indicators},
  author={Richard A. Grucza and Lewis R. Goldberg},
  journal={Journal of Personality Assessment},
  pages={167 - 187}
In science, multiple measures of the same constructs can be useful, but they are unlikely to all be equally valid indicators. In psychological assessment, the many popular personality inventories available in the marketplace also may be useful, but their comparative validity has long remained unassessed. This is the first comprehensive comparison of 11 such multiscale instruments against each of three types of criteria: clusters of behavioral acts, descriptions by knowledgeable informants, and… Expand
Internal Consistency, Retest Reliability, and Their Implications for Personality Scale Validity
Internal consistency of scales can be useful as a check on data quality but appears to be of limited utility for evaluating the potential validity of developed scales, and it should not be used as a substitute for retest reliability. Expand
How Should the Internal Structure of Personality Inventories Be Evaluated?
  • C. Hopwood, M. Donnellan
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2010
The authors demonstrate poor CFA fit for several widely used personality measures with documented evidence of criterion-related validity but also show that some measures perform well from an exploratory factor analytic perspective. Expand
The criterion-related validity of personality measures for predicting GPA: a meta-analytic validity competition.
A systematic review of the psychological literature from 1992 to 2012 was conducted, identifying 51 studies containing 274 correlations and finding Conscientiousness demonstrated the strongest criterion-related validity for predicting GPA, consistent with previous meta-analyses. Expand
Development and Validation of the Circumplex Scales of Interpersonal Problems
A new 64-item measure of interpersonal problems, called the Circumplex Scales of Interpersonal Problems (CSIP), which augments the IIP-C with additional content, thereby helping to extend the underlying constructs, and provides an alternative means for studying the interpersonal consequences of personality and psychopathology. Expand
The psychometrics and validity of the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory in Portuguese adolescents.
The psychobiological model, as measured by the JTCI and TCI-Revised, performed as well or better than other measures of personality or intelligence in predicting academic achievement. Expand
The Mini-IPIP6: Item Response Theory analysis of a short measure of the big-six factors of personality in New Zealand
There are a vast number of self-report personality measures available. Generally speaking, these measures are based on the assumption that "... individuals are characterized by stable, distinctive,Expand
A third hierarchical level of narrower traits for the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire.
A third level of abstraction increases by 4.7% the capacity to predict DSM categorical personality disorders, gives a particular advantage in capturing dependent, histrionic, paranoid, obsessive, and schizoid features and can provide the detailed information that clinical decisions demand. Expand
Personality in General and Clinical Samples: Measurement Invariance of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire
A formal test of equivalence provides strong evidence for the common structure of normal and pathological personality and lends further support to the clinical utility of the MPQ. Expand
Personality Differences Between the United States and the Netherlands
Cross-cultural comparisons of personality have yielded inconsistent results, which might be partly due to poor model fit and disregard of differential item functioning (DIF). Here, the brief DutchExpand
Predicting actual behavior from the explicit and implicit self-concept of personality.
A behavioral process model of personality that specifies explicit and implicit aspects of the self-concept of personality as predictors of actual behavior as well as a priori assignment of indicators to the Big Five dimensions is presented. Expand


Approaches to personality inventory construction: A comparison of merits.
The three major approaches to personality scale construction, the external, inductive, and deductive strategies, are discussed and their rationales compared. It is suggested that all scales shouldExpand
Why Not Measure That Trait? Alternative Criteria for Identifying Important Dispositions
Identifying important dispositional concepts from among a potential array of thousands remains a crucial theoretical task for personality psychology. This analysis examines previous approaches to theExpand
The Big Five Trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives.
2 Taxonomy is always a contentious issue because the world does not come to us in neat little packages (S. Personality has been conceptualized from a variety of theoretical perspectives, and atExpand
In response to Jackson's challenge: The comparative validity of personality scales constructed by the external (empirical) strategy and scales developed intuitively by experts, novices, and laymen☆
Abstract Fifteen graduate students in psychology and 15 individuals with no formal psychology training were each paid to construct one 20-item scale to measure Sociability, Achievement, or Dominance.Expand
Predicting observers' ratings of the big five from the CPI, HPI, and NEO–PI–R: a comparative validity study
The present study compares the ability of three widely used personality inventories to predict averaged acquaintance ratings. Scores from 135 individuals on the California Psychological InventoryExpand
To satisfy the need in personality research for factorially univocal measures of each of the 5 domains that subsume most English-language terms for personality-traits, new sets of Big-Five factorExpand
Development and first results of the Borderline Personality Inventory: a self-report instrument for assessing borderline personality organization.
The development of a short 53-item true-false self-report instrument, the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI), which identifies borderline patients in high agreement with Kernberg's criteria of borderline personality organization, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., rev.; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) criteria of BPD and Gunderson's criteria for BPD. Expand
Psychometric properties of the OCI-R in a college sample.
The OCI-R is a short, psychometrically sound self-report measure of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and has adequate test-retest reliability for the full scale and subscale scores, solid factor structure, and high internal consistency. Expand
You don't always get what you pay for: Measuring depression with short and simple versus long and sophisticated scales.
In three studies subjects' depressiveness was assessed by a variety of instruments. Questionnaire scales were either comparatively short or long and either fairly simple, content oriented, andExpand
Factor Scales of the CPI: Do they Capture the Valid Variance?
Using data collected in 1962 and 1963 from a sample of 861 male and female National Merit Scholarship participants, the investigators studied the validity of 16 of the 18 CPI scales. In particular,Expand