The Colours of Animals

  title={The Colours of Animals},
  author={Alfred Russel Wallace},
THIS new volume of the International Scientific Series gives an excellent summary of the most recent researches as to the varied uses of the colours of animals, and more especially of those admirable observations and experiments on variable protective colouring with which Mr. Poulton's name is associated, and which mark an era in this branch of natural history. The main outlines of the subject are so well known, both to naturalists and to general readers, that it will only be necessary here to… 
Colors of primate pelage and skin: Objective assessment of conspicuousness
It is shown that the orange coloration displayed by many platyrrhine and some strepsirhine primates, while being conspicuous to humans, would be cryptic amongst foliage to all males and many females of their own species.
The colouration and displays of venomous reptiles : a review
SOME years ago, my friend Malcolm Coe inadvertently stepped on a large Gaboon viper (Bitis gabonica) whilst scrambling along a narrow track up Mount Cameroon. Fortunately for Malcolm, the snake was
The evolution of pelage colouration in primates
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Field Experiments On the Adaptive Significance of Avian Eggshell Pigmentation
Based upon functional considerations an hypothesis was generated which predicts that natural selection should favor darker eggshell pigmentation patterns among certain avian species with particular types of reproductive strategies nesting in particular kinds of breeding habitat.
Aposematic Colouration and Avoidance Learning in Chicks
Two groups of male chicks (Gallus gallus) were allowed to peck at distasteful food (chick crumbs flavoured with quinine and mustard) that either matched or contrasted with the background on which the
The distribution of bumblebee colour patterns worldwide: possible significance for thermoregulation, crypsis, and warning mimicry
The results using data for 632 worker patterns from all of the world’s bumblebee species show that: (1) there are many repeating colour patterns, forming relatively few groups of species with similar patterns; (2) colour-pattern groups can be recognized using simple rules; and (3) species within the 24 largest colour- pattern groups are significantly aggregated in particular areas of the World.
Edward Bagnall Poulton 1856-1943
  • G. Carpenter
  • History
    Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society
  • 1944
Edward Bagnall Poulton, who died on 20 November 1943, was born at Reading on 27 January 1856. His father, William Ford Poulton, an architect, was a man of great industry and energy: his mother,
Colour change of twig-mimicking peppered moth larvae is a continuous reaction norm that increases camouflage against avian predators
It is shown that peppered moth (Biston betularia) larvae respond to colour and luminance of the twigs they rest on, and exhibit a continuous reaction norm of phenotypes, the first example of visually induced slow colour change in Lepidoptera that has been objectively quantified and measured from the visual perspective of natural predators.
Aposematic caterpillars: life-styles of the warningly colored and unpalatable
Insects that are unpalatable are particularly interesting in that they not only use their bad taste or unpleasant odor as a defense, but they usually also advertise this defense to would-be predators by attributes such as conspicuous coloration, gregariousness, and sedentary be­ havior.