The Colonization of Iceland in Light of Isotope Analyses

  title={The Colonization of Iceland in Light of Isotope Analyses},
  author={Orri V{\'e}steinsson and Hildur Gestsd{\'o}ttir},
  journal={Journal of the North Atlantic},
  pages={137 - 145}
Abstract A review of the mounting archaeological evidence for the colonization of Iceland suggests that the whole country was occupied within a couple of decades towards the end of the 9th century AD. Analyses of strontium in human bones show, however, that immigrants continued to arrive in Iceland throughout the 10th century. Here we discuss this apparent contradiction, suggesting that while continued immigration may have been needed to sustain the population, these patterns arise also from… 
The Peopling of the North Atlantic: Isotopic Results from Norway
Abstract Norway was the likely homeland of many of the early colonists of the North Atlantic and it is essential to have information on the strontium isotopic values present in the country. Much of
Conclusions and Reflections
  • T. Price
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of the North Atlantic
  • 2018
Abstract This article summarizes what has been learned from the isotopic investigations of the settlement of the North Atlantic. In addition, I consider what questions remain and where future
A strontium isoscape for the Conchucos region of highland Peru and its application to Andean archaeology
The resulting isoscape represents the largest regionally specific bioavailable 87Sr/86Sr map to date for the Andes, and will serve as a baseline for future archaeological studies of human mobility in this part of the Peruvian highlands.
The composition of the founding population of Iceland: A new perspective from 3D analyses of basicranial shape
Three-dimensional techniques used to compare the basicrania of skeletons from archaeological sites in Iceland, Scandinavia, and the British Isles yielded two main results, which strengthen the idea that the founding population of Iceland was a mix of Scandinavians and people from theBritish Isles and raise a new possibility regarding the regions from which the settlers originated.
Medieval Monasticism in Iceland and Norse Greenland
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the monastic houses operated on the northernmost periphery of Roman Catholic Europe during the Middle Ages. The intention is to debunk the long-held
Trolls, Water, Time, and Community: Resource Management in the Mývatn District of Northeast Iceland
The Mývatn area in northeast Iceland has been occupied by farming communities since the arrival of Viking Age settlers in the late ninth century. Despite its inland location and relatively high
‘Tangled up in Blue’: The Death, Dress and Identity of an Early Viking-Age Female Settler from Ketilsstaðir, Iceland
IN 1938, a woman’s burial was uncovered by road builders at Ketilsstaðir in north-eastern Iceland. Recently, her physical remains and associated funerary goods were re-examined by an international,


The first settlers of Iceland: an isotopic approach to colonisation
The colonisation of the North Atlantic from the eighth century AD was the earliest expansion of European populations to the west. Norse and Celtic voyagers are recorded as reaching and settling in
The Peopling of Iceland
In recent years intensive archaeological research on the Viking Age in Iceland has produced much new evidence supporting a late 9th century colonization of the country. It can now be stated not only
The Peopling of the North Atlantic: Isotopic Results from Norway
Abstract Norway was the likely homeland of many of the early colonists of the North Atlantic and it is essential to have information on the strontium isotopic values present in the country. Much of
Landscapes of Settlement in Northern Iceland: Historical Ecology of Human Impact and Climate Fluctuation on the Millennial Scale
Early settlement in the North Atlantic produced complex interactions of culture and nature. The sustained program of interdisciplinary collaboration is intended to focus on ninth- to 13th-century
Dating of the Viking Age Landnám Tephra Sequence in Lake Mývatn Sediment, North Iceland
Abstract Soil profiles and archaeological sites in Northeast Iceland contain a sequence of basaltic tephra layers coinciding in time with the first human settlement of the area during the Viking
Modeling Historic Rangeland Management and Grazing Pressures in Landscapes of Settlement
Defining historic grazing pressures and rangeland management is vital if early landscape threshold crossing and long–term trajectories of landscape change are to be properly understood. In this paper
Volcanic Aerosol Records and Tephrochronology of the Summit, Greenland, Ice Cores
The recently collected Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) and Greenland Ice Core Project ice cores from Summit, Greenland, provide lengthy and highly resolved records of the deposition of both the
Dietary Reconstruction and Reservoir Correction of 14C Dates on Bones from Pagan and Early Christian Graves in Iceland
In this study, δ13C and δ15N of bone samples from 83 skeletons (79 humans, 2 horses, and 2 dogs) excavated from pagan and early Christian graves from 21 localities in Iceland are used to reconstruct
Apathy and death in early Jamestown.
The fact that the colonists were virtually all suffering from malnutrition also offers a way of explaining the colonists' conviction that people were dying of apathy or, as they put it, of idleness and laziness.