The Cognitive Benefits of Interacting With Nature

  title={The Cognitive Benefits of Interacting With Nature},
  author={Marc G. Berman and John Jonides and Stephen Kaplan},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={1207 - 1212}
We compare the restorative effects on cognitive functioning of interactions with natural versus urban environments. Attention restoration theory (ART) provides an analysis of the kinds of environments that lead to improvements in directed-attention abilities. Nature, which is filled with intriguing stimuli, modestly grabs attention in a bottom-up fashion, allowing top-down directed-attention abilities a chance to replenish. Unlike natural environments, urban environments are filled with… Expand
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