The Clacton Spear: The Last One Hundred Years

  title={The Clacton Spear: The Last One Hundred Years},
  author={Lu Allington-Jones},
  journal={Archaeological Journal},
  pages={273 - 296}
In 1911, an eminent amateur prehistorian pulled the broken end of a pointed wooden shaft from Palaeolithic-age sediments at a seaside town in Essex. This artefact, still the earliest worked wood to be discovered in the world, became known as the Clacton spear. Over the past one hundred years it has variously been interpreted as a projectile weapon, a stave, a digging stick, a snow probe, a lance, a game stake and a prod to ward off rival scavengers. These perspectives have followed academic… 
Lethal threshold : the evolutionary implications of Middle Pleistocene wooden spears
This thesis provides empirical data pertaining to the use of the earliest weapons in the archaeological record, which are a collection of plain wooden spears dating to the Middle Pleistocene. These
Neanderthal faunal exploitation and settlement dynamics at the Abri du Maras, level 5 (south-eastern France)
The complexity of Neanderthal technology
  • J. Hoffecker
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2018
Until the 1990s, wooden artifacts recovered from Lower and Middle Paleolithic sites were so rare that they existed more as curiosities than objects of study.
300,000-year-old wooden tools from Gantangqing, southwest China
Early Palaeolithic wooden implements are exceptionally rare. The best known are the spears and throwing sticks from Schöningen, Germany dated to ca. 300–330 thousand years (kyr) ago 1,2 and the
Comparison and deformation analysis of five 3D models of the Paleolithic wooden point from the Ljubljanica River
The article describes the comparison and analysis of five 3D models of the hunting tool from the Ljubljanica River found near Sinja Gorica. The 40,000 years old Palaeolithic point, discovered by
Great Britain: The Intertidal and Underwater Archaeology of Britain’s Submerged Landscapes
The submerged landscapes around Great Britain are extensive and would have offered productive territory for hunting, gathering, exploitation of aquatic and marine resources, and—in the final stages – A Compilation of Wooden Goods with Remarkable Longevity
The website serves as a platform for the scientific community to collect, display and share early traces of wood utilization. It also serves educational purposes, to teach a


A Wooden Spear of Third Interglacial Age from Lower Saxony
  • H. Movius
  • Environmental Science
    Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
  • 1950
PROFESSOR JACOB-FRIESEN, Director of the Landesmuseum in Hannover, Germany, the results of whose important research on a series of Lower Palaeolithic (Acheulian) localities in the Leine valley, south
The Mesvinian Industry of Clacton-on-Sea, Essex
The flint flakes from the Elephas antiquus bed of Clacton-on-Sea have been known for many years, and were collected by the Rev. J. W. Kenworthy. I obtained a large series between the years 1911 and
A Reappraisal of the Clacton Spearpoint
The wooden artifact widely known as the Clacton Spear (pl. 1) was discovered by Samuel Hazzledine Warren, F.G.S., in 1911. He dug it out of an undisturbed part of the freshwater sediments, probably a
Throwing in the Middle and Upper Paleolithic: inferences from an analysis of humeral retroversion.
Report on Excavations at Jaywick Sands, Essex (1934), with some observations on the Clactonian Industry, and on the Fauna and Geological significance of the Clacton Channel
The foreshore exposures of Pleistocene deposits at Clacton and at Lion Point, two miles to the south-west, mark cross-sections of an ancient river channel which now extends inland in a broad curve
Lower Palaeolithic hunting spears from Germany
Some wooden throwing spears about 400,000 years old that were discovered in 1995 at the Pleistocene site at Schöningen, Germany are thought to be the oldest complete hunting weapons so far discovered to have been used by humans.
Carbowax and Other Materials in the Treatment of Water-logged Paleolithic Wood
By the courtesy of the author the present writer has been enabled to see A. Rosenqvist's paper before publication [I]. Since he has been independently pursuing the same subject, it is thought that a
The Clactonian: An Independent Complex or an Integral Part of the Acheulean? [and Comments and Reply]
The Clactonian tradition of the British Lower Palaeolithic is currently accepted as an autonomous prehistoric culture, distinct from the Acheulean and pre-dating it. The recent excavations of a
The Ebbsfleet Elephant: excavations at Southfleet Road, Swanscombe in advance of High Speed 1, 2003-4
This is the final volume in the monograph series resulting from archaeological excavations in the Ebbsfleet Valley in advance of High Speed 1 and the Ebbsfleet International station. It provides the