The Chinese Room Argument Reconsidered: Essentialism, Indeterminacy, and Strong AI

@article{Wakefield2003TheCR,
  title={The Chinese Room Argument Reconsidered: Essentialism, Indeterminacy, and Strong AI},
  author={Jerome C. Wakefield},
  journal={Minds and Machines},
  year={2003},
  volume={13},
  pages={285-319}
}
I argue that John Searle's (1980) influential Chinese room argument (CRA) against computationalism and strong AI survives existing objections, including Block's (1998) internalized systems reply, Fodor's (1991b) deviant causal chain reply, and Hauser's (1997) unconscious content reply. However, a new ``essentialist'' reply I construct shows that the CRA as presented by Searle is an unsound argument that relies on a question-begging appeal to intuition. My diagnosis of the CRA relies on an… CONTINUE READING
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