The Children of Mothers with Eating Disorders

@article{Patel2002TheCO,
  title={The Children of Mothers with Eating Disorders},
  author={Priti G. Patel and Rebecca Wheatcroft and Rebecca J. Park and Alan Stein},
  journal={Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review},
  year={2002},
  volume={5},
  pages={1-19}
}
There is good evidence that children of parents with psychological disorders are themselves at increased risk of disturbances in their development. Although there has been considerable research on a variety of disorders such as depression and alcohol, research on the children of parents with eating disorders has been relatively recent. This paper aims to review the evidence and covers a number of areas, including genetic factors, pregnancy, the perinatal and postpartum period, infancy, and the… 
The offspring of mothers with eating disorders
TLDR
Evidence in a number of domains is reviewed, including genetic factors; pregnancy; the perinatal and postpartum period; followed by infancy, and the early years, focusing on feeding and mealtimes, general parenting functions and growth.
Children of Parents with Eating Disorders
TLDR
The question of whether the offspring of parents with past or present eating disorders have adverse outcomes is addressed and mental health services should address the possible problems that these children face and offer tailored programs.
Eating disorders mothers and their children: a systematic review of the literature
TLDR
Overall, available evidence shows that children of mothers with ED are at increased risk of disturbances in several domains, and future research should focus on resilience and on which protective factors might lead to positive outcomes.
Eating habits and attitudes among 10-year-old children of mothers with eating disorders
TLDR
The children of mothers with eating disorders manifested disturbed eating habits and attitudes compared with controls, and may be at heightened risk of developing frank eating disorder psychopathology.
Parental eating disorders: A systematic review of parenting attitudes, behaviours, and parent-child interactions.
TLDR
Control studies in which parenting attitudes, behaviours, and parent-child interactions were examined for parents with and without probable eating disorders suggest that parents with eating disorders experience higher levels of parenting stress and may on average be more intrusive, less sensitive, and provide less structuring/facilitation in non-feeding interactions with their children.
Eating disorders from parent to child: Mothers’ perceptions of transgenerational effect
Abstract Primary prevention focuses on the reduction of risk factors. Children of mothers with an eating disorder are a proven “at risk” group, because children internalise their experiences.
A six-year prospective study on children of mothers with eating disorders: the role of paternal psychological profiles.
TLDR
The results suggest that fathers' psychopathological risk affects the development of emotional problems in children with mothers who have EDs.
Effects of perinatal mental disorders on the fetus and child
TLDR
Evidence for associations between parental disorders and offspring outcomes from fetal development to adolescence in high-income, middle- income, and low-income countries is summarized and the need for early identification of those parents at high risk and for more early interventions and prevention research is underlined.
Eating disorders, pregnancy and the postnatal period: a review of the recent literature
TLDR
The findings continue to emphasise the clinical importance of early identification and response to maternal ED to mitigate potentially adverse maternal and infant outcomes.
The nature of selective eating in children
Individuals who experience selective eating are excessively preoccupied with avoiding food and severely restrict the variety of their food intake, but differ from individuals with anorexia nervosa
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References

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This study investigated the extent of psychiatric disorder and abnormalities of weight and growth amongst children of mothers with eating disorders. The design was a cross-sectional study, in which
Infant growth in the context of maternal eating disorders and maternal depression: a comparative study.
TLDR
The mechanism whereby growth disturbance arises in the context of eating disorders does not appear to be by means of a direct extension of the maternal psychopathology to the infant, and it was found that the infants of mothers with eating disorders were smaller than either comparison group infants or infants of Mothers with post-natal depression.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
The female offspring of ED mothers demonstrate a high avidity for feeding early in life which, combined with increased maternal concern over their daughters weight and the use of food for nonnutritive purposes, may pose a serious risk for the later development of an eating disorder.
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TLDR
The children of psychiatric patients had an increased rate of persistent emotional/behavioural disturbance, which tended to involve disorders of conduct, and boys showing temperamental risk features were most vulnerable to the ill-effects associated with parental mental disorder.
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