The Chicxulub Asteroid Impact and Mass Extinction at the Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary

@article{Schulte2010TheCA,
  title={The Chicxulub Asteroid Impact and Mass Extinction at the Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary},
  author={Peter Schulte and Laia Alegret and Ignacio Arenillas and Jos{\'e} Antonio Arz and Penny J. Barton and Paul R. Bown and Timothy J. Bralower and Gail L. Christeson and Philippe Claeys and Charles S. Cockell and Gareth S. Collins and Alexander Deutsch and Tamara Joan Goldin and Kazuhisa Goto and Jos{\'e} Manuel Grajales-Nishimura and Richard A. F. Grieve and Sean P. S. Gulick and Kirk R. Johnson and Wolfgang Kiessling and Christian Koeberl and David A. Kring and Kenneth G. Macleod and Takafumi Matsui and Jay Melosh and A. Montanari and Joanna V. Morgan and Clive R. Neal and Douglas J. Nichols and Richard D. Norris and Elisabetta Pierazzo and Gregory E. Ravizza and Mario Rebolledo-Vieyra and Wolf Uwe Reimold and {\'E}ric Robin and T. Salge and Robert P. Speijer and Arthur R. Sweet and Jaime Urrutia‐Fucugauchi and Vivi Vajda and Michael T. Whalen and Pi Suhr Willumsen},
  journal={Science},
  year={2010},
  volume={327},
  pages={1214 - 1218}
}
The Fall of the Dinosaurs According to the fossil record, the rule of dinosaurs came to an abrupt end ∼65 million years ago, when all nonavian dinosaurs and flying reptiles disappeared. Several possible mechanisms have been suggested for this mass extinction, including a large asteroid impact and major flood volcanism. Schulte et al. (p. 1214) review how the occurrence and global distribution of a global iridium-rich deposit and impact ejecta support the hypothesis that a single asteroid impact… 

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  • T. Maruoka
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Astrobiology
  • 2019
One of the “Big Five” mass extinctions in the Phanerozoic Eon occurred at the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K–Pg) boundary (66.0 million years ago). The K–Pg mass extinction was triggered by a meteorite

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TLDR
Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Chicxulub crater sediments and at two deep ocean sites indicate a fossil carbon source that experienced rapid heating, consistent with organic matter ejected during the formation of the crater, and size distributions proximal and distal to the crater indicate the ejected carbon was dispersed globally by atmospheric processes.

Postimpact earliest Paleogene warming shown by fish debris oxygen isotopes (El Kef, Tunisia)

TLDR
Analysis of oxygen isotopic composition of fish debris, phosphatic microfossils that are relatively resistant to diagenetic alteration, from the Global Stratotype Section and Point for the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary at El Kef, Tunisia reports an ~1 per mil decrease in oxygen isotopy values beginning at the boundary and spanning ~300 centimeters of section, which matches expectations for impact-initiated greenhouse warming.
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