The Chiari Malformations: A Historical Context

  title={The Chiari Malformations: A Historical Context},
  author={R S Tubbs and Walter Jerry Oakes},
It was not until the late nineteenth century when reports of hindbrain herniation (Chiari malformations) began to be published. However, even earlier reports can be found in the extant literature. These include a report of hindbrain herniation in association with myelomeningocele by Tulp (1593–1674) in 1641. Cleland and Arnold would also report cases of hindbrain herniation found in patients with myelomeningoceles. Probably the first description of hindbrain herniation in the absence of… CONTINUE READING