• Corpus ID: 1490526

The Chernobyl Reactor : Design Features and Reasons for Accident

  title={The Chernobyl Reactor : Design Features and Reasons for Accident},
  author={Mikhail V. Malko},
  • M. Malko
  • Published 2002
  • Environmental Science
s The report describes the main features of the Chernobyl reactor and possible reasons of the accident that happened on 26 April 1986. Analysis of scientific results established after the accident demonstrates that shortcomings in the design, and freak infringements of safety regulations for the construction as well as inadequate documentation for reactor operation were the main reason of the Chernobyl accident. Various scenarios proposed for this accident are also analyzed in the report. It is… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Lessons from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Accident for the Design of Organizational Improvement Initiatives
Abstract: This paper analyzes the design and functionality of the nuclear reactor, and the human failures on on-line operations, which had led to the accident at the Chernobyl power plant, in April
A simplified analysis of the Chernobyl accident
We show with simplified numerical models, that for the kind of RBMK operated in Chernobyl: The core was unstable due to its large size and to its weak power counter-reaction coefficient, so that the
Recent Research Activities about the Chernobyl NPP Accidentin Belarus, Ukraine and Russia
Findings suggest the necessity of well organized epidemiological studies before giving conclusions about the health consequences of the Chernobyl accident as well as applicability of ICRP radiation risks to the related populations.
Who is to blame, the operator or the designer? Two stages of human failure in the Chernobyl accident
This paper analyzes the causes of the Chernobyl power plant accident on April 26, 1986. Therefore, two stages of human failure are investigated by two separate system dynamics models. This paper
Chemical reactor inherent safety index at preliminary design stage
A new indexing method for inherently safety assessment of chemical reactors at the preliminary design stage based on chemical index, process index and reaction index, which indicates the inherently safer design of the reactor.
A Nuclear Jet at Chernobyl Around 21:23:45 UTC on April 25, 1986
Abstract The nature of two explosions that were witnessed within 3 s at the Chernobyl-4 reactor less than a minute after 21:23:00 UTC on April 25, 1986, have since then been the subject of sprawling
Rationalising Rule Violation in the Case of the Chernobyl Disaster: Six Systematic Excuses
This paper investigates how rule violations that contributed to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster were able to happen. Bringing to the surface what is implicit in historical documents, we argue that six
Impact of Weak Signals on the Digitalization of Risk Analysis in Process Safety Operational Environments
Weak signals in risk analysis digitalization are of great importance for preventing major accidents in risk analysis in the process industry, especially for process operations and production.
Maintenance, function, and malfunction in technology
A new look at the concept of maintenance through the notion of function and malfunction is taken, claiming that the main difference between reactive and predictive maintenance is that the latter holds an underlying deterministic approach.


An analysis of the Physical Causes of the Chernobyl Accident
AbstractThe initiating events and propagating mechanisms of the Chernobyl accident are the subject of this analysis. The neutronics and thermohydraulics of RBMK reactors under different regimes are
Chernobyl, insight from the inside
1. Black Rain.- 1.1 Hiroshima and Nagasaki.- 1.2 Chernobyl.- 1.3 On the Design of the RBMK Blocks.- 1.4 The Ukraine.- 1.5 Politics Versus Rectification.- 1.6 Byelorussia.- 1.7 Narodichi.- 1.8
on the Utilization of the Atomic Energy
  • Accident at the Chernobyl-Nuclear-Power Plant and its Consequences. Information Compiled for the IAEA Expert’s Meeting, 25 - 29 August 1986. Part I. General Material. Draft. August
  • 1986
The Model of Destruction Process of the Unit 4 the Chernobyl
  • Power Plant. Atomnaya Energiya. Moscow. Vol.91
  • 2001
The Channel Nuclear Power Reactor
  • Atomizdat. Moscow.1980 (in Russian)
  • 1980
Assessment of the Prompt Energy Release by the Accident at the Reactor of th Chernobyl NPP Based on Estimation of the Ratio of Activities of Xenon-133 and Xenon133m in the Air
  • Radiokhimiya. Vol.33,
  • 1991
Chernobyl Unique Safety Valve for a Reactor Clear Explosion
  • Proceedings of the British National conference “The Legacy of Nuclear-Lessons`for the UK” held at the Council House, Bristol,
  • 1992
Analysis of the Accident Development First stage at the fours Unit of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
  • Atomnaya Energiya
  • 1980
Fission Numbers by the Accident at the Atomic Submarine in the Bay Chazhma
  • Atomnaya Energiya. Moscow. Vol.89
  • 2000
The Chernobyl Accident: Supplement to INSAG-1
  • Report by the International Consultative Group on the Nuclear Safety. Safety series N75-INSAG-7. IAEA
  • 1993