The Chemistry of Exploding Ants, Camponotus SPP. (Cylindricus COMPLEX)

@article{Jones2004TheCO,
  title={The Chemistry of Exploding Ants, Camponotus SPP. (Cylindricus COMPLEX)},
  author={Tappey H Jones and Douglas A. Clark and Alice A. Edwards and Diane W. Davidson and Thomas F. Spande and Roy R. Snelling},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={30},
  pages={1479-1492}
}
A detailed comparative analysis of the exocrine chemistry of nine Bruneian Camponotus species in the cylindricus complex is reported. Workers of these species are known to have hypertrophied mandibular glands and release their glandular contents suicidally from the head by rupturing the inter- segmental membrane of the gaster. All of the species produce mixtures of polyacetate-derived aromatics, including hydroxyacetophenones, which display pH-dependent color changes, and aliphatic hydrocarbons… 

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