The Chemistry and Applications of Metal-Organic Frameworks

  title={The Chemistry and Applications of Metal-Organic Frameworks},
  author={Hiroyasu Furukawa and Kyle E. Cordova and Michael O'Keeffe and Omar M. Yaghi},
Background Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are made by linking inorganic and organic units by strong bonds (reticular synthesis). The flexibility with which the constituents’ geometry, size, and functionality can be varied has led to more than 20,000 different MOFs being reported and studied within the past decade. The organic units are ditopic or polytopic organic carboxylates (and other similar negatively charged molecules), which, when linked to metal-containing units, yield architecturally… 

Introductory Chapter: Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs)

Over the past 50 decades, porous materials, from zeolites, coordination polymers to metal organic frameworks (MOFs), have gained considerable attention. The interesting feature is their porosity that

Chiral Metal-Organic Frameworks.

In the past two decades, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) or porous coordination polymers (PCPs) assembled from metal ions or clusters and organic linkers via metal-ligand coordination bonds have

Site Isolation in Metal-Organic Frameworks Enables Novel Transition Metal Catalysis.

This Account presents two complementary approaches to the design of ligand-supported single-site MOF catalysts: direct incorporation of prefunctionalized organic linkers into MOFs and postsynthetic functionalization of orthogonal secondary functional groups of theorganic linkers in MOFs.

MOF-derived nanoporous carbons with diverse tunable nanoarchitectures

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), or porous coordination polymers, are crystalline porous materials formed by coordination bonding between inorganic and organic species on the basis of the

Chemistry and applications of s-block metal–organic frameworks

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are crystalline porous materials with a broad range of practical applications. A plethora of MOFs based on a variety of metal ions including s-, p-, d-, and f-block

Zirconium Metal-Organic Cages: Synthesis and Applications.

ConspectusFor the last two decades, materials scientists have contributed to a growing library of porous crystalline materials. These synthetic materials are typically extended networks, including

Reticular Chemistry for Highly Porous Metal-Organic Frameworks: The Chemistry and Applications.

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Catalysis and photocatalysis by metal organic frameworks.

The present review summarizes the current state of the art in the use of MOFs as solid catalysts according to the type of site, making special emphasis on the more recent strategies to increase the population of these active sites and tuning their activity, either by adapting the synthesis conditions or by post-synthetic modification.



Metal–organic frameworks—prospective industrial applications

The generation of metal–organic framework (MOF) coordination polymers enables the tailoring of novel solids with regular porosity from the micro to nanopore scale. Since the discovery of this new

Design and synthesis of an exceptionally stable and highly porous metal-organic framework

Open metal–organic frameworks are widely regarded as promising materials for applications in catalysis, separation, gas storage and molecular recognition. Compared to conventionally used microporous

Systematic Design of Pore Size and Functionality in Isoreticular MOFs and Their Application in Methane Storage

Metal-organic framework (MOF-5), a prototype of a new class of porous materials and one that is constructed from octahedral Zn-O-C clusters and benzene links, was used to demonstrate that its three-dimensional porous system can be functionalized with the organic groups and can be expanded with the long molecular struts biphenyl, tetrahydropyrene, pyrene, and terphenyl.

Hydrothermal Synthesis of a Metal-Organic Framework Containing Large Rectangular Channels

The great importance of microporous solids such as zeolites in adsorption, ion exchange, and shape-selective catalysis has stemmed from their ability to reversibly bind molecules and ions within

Post-synthetic modification of tagged metal-organic frameworks.

The endeavors to prepare tagged MOFs suitable for post-synthetic modification, starting from an aldehyde-modified dicarboxylate are reported, showing schematically the approach shown schematically in Figure 1.

Metal-organic framework growth at functional interfaces: thin films and composites for diverse applications.

This review provides an overview of the diverse MOF composite materials prepared up to now, organised by interface type and while the overall emphasis is on applications of the composites, coatings and MOF-based devices, the most widely-used and successful synthetic strategies for composite formation are presented.

De novo synthesis of a metal-organic framework material featuring ultrahigh surface area and gas storage capacities.

Computational modelling is used to design and predictively characterize a metal-organic framework (NU-100) with a particularly high surface area that had high storage capacities for hydrogen and carbon dioxide and was in excellent agreement with predictions from modelling.

A new zirconium inorganic building brick forming metal organic frameworks with exceptional stability.

The Zr-MOFs presented in this work have the toughness needed for industrial applications; decomposition temperature above 500 degrees C and resistance to most chemicals, and they remain crystalline even after exposure to 10 tons/cm2 of external pressure.

Modular, active, and robust Lewis acid catalysts supported on a metal-organic framework.

Postsynthetic modification of a MOF is used to synthesize a series of MOF catalysts that are highly robust and active for epoxide ring-opening reactions, and shows that PSM is a promising, modular, and highly tunable approach for the discovery of robust, active, and selective MOF catalyststs.

Tandem modification of metal-organic frameworks by a postsynthetic approach.

By targeting the organic linking component of the MOFs, one can readily transform the MOF structure by means of postsynthetic covalent modification, which may afford access to MOFs decorated with a variety of functionalities that are otherwise tedious or impossible to obtain by conventional MOF synthetic schemes, which generally employ solvothermal conditions.