The Charlie Sheen Effect on Rapid In-home Human Immunodeficiency Virus Test Sales

@article{Allem2017TheCS,
  title={The Charlie Sheen Effect on Rapid In-home Human Immunodeficiency Virus Test Sales},
  author={Jon-Patrick Allem and Eric Craig Leas and Theodore L. Caputi and Mark Dredze and Benjamin M. Althouse and Seth M. Noar and John W. Ayers},
  journal={Prevention Science},
  year={2017},
  volume={18},
  pages={541-544}
}
One in eight of the 1.2 million Americans living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are unaware of their positive status, and untested individuals are responsible for most new infections. As a result, testing is the most cost-effective HIV prevention strategy and must be accelerated when opportunities are presented. Web searches for HIV spiked around actor Charlie Sheen’s HIV-positive disclosure. However, it is unknown whether Sheen’s disclosure impacted offline behaviors like HIV testing… 

Monitoring HIV testing and pre-exposure prophylaxis information seeking by combining digital and traditional data

TLDR
A parsimonious method using both traditional survey and internet search histories is demonstrated to provide new insights into HIV testing and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) information seeking that can be easily extended to other settings.

Public Reactions to and Impact of Celebrity Health Announcements: Understanding the Charlie Sheen Effect

Abstract Charlie Sheen, a popular actor, disclosed his HIV positive status on national television in November 2015. The purpose of this study was to examine reactions to and impact of Sheen’s HIV

Automated image analysis of instagram posts: Implications for risk perception and communication in public health using a case study of #HIV

People’s perceptions about health risks, including their risk of acquiring HIV, are impacted in part by who they see portrayed as at risk in the media. Viewers in these cases are asking themselves

Collateral Crises of Gun Preparation and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Infodemiology Study

TLDR
Google searches related to preparing guns have surged to unprecedented levels, corroborate media reports that gun purchases are increasing amid the COVID-19 pandemic and provide more precise geographic and temporal trends.

Can a selfie promote public engagement with skin cancer?

#MeToo and Google Inquiries Into Sexual Violence: A Hashtag Campaign Can Sustain Information Seeking

TLDR
It appears that the #MeToo movement sparked greater information seeking that was sustained beyond the associated events, with searches for sexual assault and sexual harassment increased substantially immediately following the Weinstein accusation and stayed high during subsequent accusations.

Harnessing digital data and data science to achieve 90-90-90 goals to end the HIV epidemic.

TLDR
To achieve 90-90-90 goals to end the HIV epidemic, traditional public health researchers are encouraged to partner with data scientists to supplement HIV surveillance programs with social media analytics to refine estimates of HIV infections and key populations at risk and to identify subgroups and regions where prevention and treatment efforts need to be bolstered.

The Power of Celebrity Health Events: Meta-analysis of the Relationship between Audience Involvement and Behavioral Intentions

TLDR
It is suggested that those who most feel a sense of attachment or affinity for a celebrity or media personae may be the ones who are most likely to modify their behavioral intentions in the wake of a celebrity health event.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES

Cost Effectiveness of HIV Prevention Interventions in the U.S.

Toward Automating HIV Identification: Machine Learning for Rapid Identification of HIV-Related Social Media Data

Introduction: “Social big data” from technologies such as social media, wearable devices, and online searches continue to grow and can be used as tools for HIV research. Although researchers can

Ability of HIV Advocacy to Modify Behavioral Norms and Treatment Impact: A Systematic Review.

TLDR
To determine the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and draw lessons from those that are effective to strengthen future noncommunicable disease advocacy programs, a narrative synthesis was used to report the findings.

Leveraging Big Data to Improve Health Awareness Campaigns: A Novel Evaluation of the Great American Smokeout

TLDR
A novel evaluation framework for assessing awareness campaigns using the Great American Smokeout as a case study is proposed and actionable intelligence is provided to improve the GASO and model how to rapidly, cost-effectively, and efficiently evaluate hundreds of awareness campaigns, nearly all for the first time.

Could behavioral medicine lead the web data revolution?

TLDR
Web data are potentially the only source for real-time insights into behavioral medicine, where web data can be available almost immediately compared to a 365-day lag time between annual surveys, and can be an important source for identifying new hypotheses.

Big Data Sensors of Organic Advocacy: The Case of Leonardo DiCaprio and Climate Change

TLDR
The “DiCaprio effect” surpassed the daily average effect of the 2015 Conference of the Parties and the Earth Day effect by a factor of 3.2 and 5.3, respectively, and demonstrates new opportunities to detect and aid agents of change and advances the understanding of communication in the 21st century media landscape.

Following celebrities’ medical advice: meta-narrative analysis

Objective To synthesise what is known about how celebrities influence people’s decisions on health. Design Meta-narrative analysis of economics, marketing, psychology, and sociology literatures. Data

Escaping affect: how motivated emotion regulation creates insensitivity to mass suffering.

TLDR
Initial evidence is provided that motivated emotion regulation drives insensitivity to mass suffering, by preventing themselves from ever experiencing as much emotion toward groups as toward individuals.