The Changing Political Economy of Federalism in India: A Historical Institutionalist Approach

  title={The Changing Political Economy of Federalism in India: A Historical Institutionalist Approach},
  author={Aseema Sinha},
  journal={India Review},
  pages={25 - 63}
In July 1991 India’s central government initiated economic policy reforms amounting to a quiet economic revolution—or, as noted by a commentator, “reform by stealth.” Policy regimes in the industrial, macroeconomic, and trade sectors were transformed slowly but surely. These policy changes have persisted in fits and starts, yet in 2002 there was talk of the onset of the “second generation of reforms.” Most notably, economic liberalization transformed central–regional relations unleashing… 
The Impact of State Restructuring on Indonesia's Regional Economic Convergence
In recent decades, the state restructuring of trade liberalisation and decentralisation has emerged globally as attempts to promote more equal economic growth. This staterestructuring also occurs in
A theory of reform consolidation in India: From crisis-induced reforms to strategic internationalization
ABSTRACT I use the policy feedback literature to present an argument regarding the new politics of reform consolidation in India. India’s reform trajectory can be understood in terms of three
The state in the era of India's sub-national regions: Liberalization and land in Gujarat
Sub-national regions are at the center of the global, neo-liberal economy. In India, the broadening of democracy has shifted the onus from centralized, national parties, to regional and
Political Cycles, Political Institutions and Public Expenditure in India, 1980–2000
In Western democracies it is held that parties and their positions affect how politicians choose to make public expenditure and investment. This article examines the public policy choices of
Current Trends and Issues in Indian Federalism
  • P. Jha
  • Political Science
    Indian Journal of Public Administration
  • 2019
The article examines the recent trends and issues in Indian federalism. The federal system has become transformedy in the last seven decades—from being dismissed as a full-fledged federal system to a
A Discursive Dominance Theory of Economic Reform Sustainability: The Case of India
This article hypothesizes that economic reforms become sustainable when the discursive conditions prevailing in society tip against the existing paradigm under exceptional circumstances. Thus, unless
This paper makes a comparative analysis of strategic issues in federal governance in India and Australia. Despite large differences in history, context and scale the two countries share overlapping
Centre-State Bargaining and Territorial Accommodation: Evidence from India
This article assesses the evolution of territorial management in India across time. It shows how India gradually moved away from a relatively ‘integrationist’ territorial strategy at independence
The Political Basis of Decentralization
A pervasive “China Envy” dominates public debates in India; India is mostly compared unfavorably to China. Most comparisons contrast China’s double-digit growth and high Foreign Direct Investment
Democracy and Infant Mortality in India’s ‘Mini-democracies’: A Preliminary Theoretical Inquiry and Analysis*
A number of cross-national studies find that democratic rule has beneficial effects on the health of nations. These studies, however, sidestep the key role of state governments—especially in federal


Political Structure and India's Economic Reforms of the 1990s
HE ECONOMIC POLICY REFORMS launched in 1991 constitute a watershed in India's economic history. Until then, despite the liberalization pushed forward during the 1980s under Prime Ministers Indira
Democratic Politics and Economic Reform in India
Successive Indian governments, from right and left, have remained committed to market-oriented reform since its introduction in 1991. In a well-argued, accessible and sometimes controversial
India's long march to capitalism
Will India become a prosperous country? The answer depends to a large extent on whether it becomes more of a market-oriented economy. Since 1991, when the government nearly defaulted on its external
The regionalization of indian politics and its implications for economic reform
Is political decentralization an impetus for economic liberalism, or are state and local governments impediments to a rigorous reform process? This article describes India's federal system, the
Economic Crisis, Momentary Autonomy and Policy Reform: Liberalisation in India 1991–95
The politics of liberalisation is the politics of moving the boundary between authority and market as allocative mechanisms. Any existing pattern of state intervention must in some sense represent a
India's Economic Reforms and Development
Rapid economic growth and eradication of abject poverty have been the core concerns of India's polity and government throughout the last five decades. Coordinated planning with the state playing the
Federalism without a Centre: The Impact of Political and Economic Reform on India′s Federal System
Introduction The Development of the Federal Idea in India Regional Parties and Political Reform in India The Sarkaria Commission and India's Struggle for Federalism The Demise of Inter-Governmental
India ' s Economic Reforms
The past three years have seen major changes in India's economic policies marking a new phase in India's development strategy. The broad thrust of the new policies is not very different from the
How Institutions Create Historically Rooted Trajectories of Growth
This paper is concerned with approaches to growth theory that argue for historically created, institutionally rooted national development trajectories. There are varied ways of organizing market