The Changing Face of the Yakuza

@article{Hill2004TheCF,
  title={The Changing Face of the Yakuza},
  author={Peter B. E. Hill},
  journal={Global Crime},
  year={2004},
  volume={6},
  pages={116 - 97}
}
Over the last half century, Japan has undergone considerable political, economic and social change. In response to these changes, Japan's criminal organisations, collectively known as yakuza, have themselves rapidly adapted. This chapter explores these developments. The two main factors driving the yakuza's historical development are first, changing market opportunities and secondly, vagaries in the legal and law-enforcement environment in which these groups operate. During the last decade… 

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