The Chalcolithic Period of the Southern Levant: A Synthetic Review

  title={The Chalcolithic Period of the Southern Levant: A Synthetic Review},
  author={Yorke M. Rowan and John M. Golden},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
In the southern Levant, the late fifth millennium to mid-fourth millennium BC—traditionally known as the Chalcolithic period—witnessed major cultural transformations in virtually all areas of society, most notably craft production, mortuary and ritual practices, settlement patterns, and iconographic and symbolic expression. A degree of regionalism is evident in material culture, but continuity in ceramic styles, iconographic motifs, and mortuary practices suggests a similar cultural outlook… 

Cultural Metallurgy—A Key Factor in the Transition from the Chalcolithic to Bronze Age in the Southern Levant

The causes of the disappearance of Late Chalcolithic society (Ghassulian) in the early fourth millennium bc remain obscure. This study identifies the collapse as the consequence of a change in the

Early Maceheads in the Southern Levant: A “Chalcolithic” Hallmark in Neolithic Context

Abstract Maceheads have long been acknowledged as a characteristic feature of groundstone assemblages of the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age periods of the southern Levant, and as indicators of

Introduction : Culture , Chronology and the Chalcolithic

The Near East constitutes a core region for understanding fundamental changes in human existence such as the domestication of plants and animals, the formation of hierarchical social organization and

Cult and ritual in Early Bronze Age I Southern Levant: fragmented or connected landscape?

The existence of marked regionalism in the material culture of the southern Levant in the Early Bronze Age I is a long-established fact; however, the nature of the relationships between the different

Dietary continuation in the southern Levant: a Neolithic-Chalcolithic perspective through organic residue analysis

Foodways in the late prehistoric southern Levant evolved alongside changes in the social and economic organization of the communities occupying the region. In this paper, we present a comprehensive

The “land of conjecture:” New late prehistoric discoveries at Maitland’s Mesa and Wisad Pools, Jordan

Abstract Major cultural transformations took place in the southern Levant during the late prehistoric periods (ca. late 7th–4th millennia b.c.). Agropastoralists expanded into areas previously only

Distancing the Dead: Late Chalcolithic Burials in Large Maze Caves in the Negev Desert, Israel

The Late Chalcolithic of the southern Levant (ca. 4500–3800 b.c.e.) is known for its extensive use of the subterranean sphere for mortuary practices. Numerous natural and hewn caves, constituting

GODS, CAVES, AND SCHOLARS: Chalcolithic Cult and Metallurgy in the Judean Desert

  • Y. Goren
  • Materials Science
    Near Eastern Archaeology
  • 2014
The origins of southern Levantine Chalcolithic copper metallurgy have been debated for decades. Typological and metallurgical examinations of the copper artifacts from the Nahal Mishmar hoard and

A landscape of preservation: late prehistoric settlement and sequence in the Jebel Qurma region, north-eastern Jordan

Abstract Recent fieldwork in the Jebel Qurma region, in the basalt wasteland east of Azraq, revealed a large number of prehistoric sites, dating from the 7th to the late 4th millennia cal bc. While



The Chalcolithic in the Central Highlands of Palestine: A Reassessment Based on a New Examination of Khirbet es-Sauma'a

Abstract Major formative socio-economic changes occurred during the Chalcolithic period (c. 4500-3600 BC) in the southern Levant, including the beginnings of metallurgy, intensified craft production,

The Chalcolithic Radiocarbon Record and Its Use in Southern Levantine Archaeology

Archaeological evidence suggests that the Chalcolithic period (5th–4th millennium BCE) in the southern Levant was a time of significant settlement expansion and increasing social complexity.

Cultures of the eighth and seventh millennia BP in the southern Levant: A review for the 1990s

The Pottery Neolithic of the southern Levant (the eighth and seventh millennia BP) was a crucial period in which the foundations were laid for the development of complex societies and urban

Dating a Chalcolithic Burial Cave in Peqi'in, Upper Galilee, Israel

In May 1995 an impressive karstic cave possessing dozens of burials dating to the main phase of the Chalcolithic Period (ca. 4500–3500 bce) was discovered in Peqi'in in the high hills of Galilee in

Redefining Chronology and Terminology for the Chalcolithic of the Southern Levant

ern Poland. This is a general area of cross-cultural contact that may produce a new European culture-a melting pot from which a new culture is rising. Here the anthropologist can observe the

The Neolithic Period: Triumphs of Architecture, Agriculture, and Art

The impressive list of the achievements of the Neolithic of the southern Levant encompasses village life, crop domestication, ceramic technology, and life-like plaster sculpture. Together, these

Prehistoric metalworking in the southern Levant: Archaeometallurgical and social perspectives

Abstract This paper examines some of the processes which may have led to the initial adoption of metallurgy during the Chalcolithic (ca. 4500–3200 BCE) period in ancient Palestine. An

Settlement Heterogeneity and Multivariate Craft Production in the Early Bronze Age Southern Levant

Urbanization, as a formative process in the rise of social and economic complexity, has long dominated conceptualizations of the Early Bronze Age (EBA) southern Levant, with many synthetic

The origins of sedentism and farming communities in the Levant

Particular geographic features of the Mediterranean Levant underlie the subsistence patterns and social structures reconstructed from the archaeological remains of Epi-Paleolithic groups. The

The Archaeology of Cult and the Chalcolithic Sanctuary at Gilat

The identification, excavation and interpretation of a ceremonial centre is one of the most challenging undertakings in archaeology today (Renfrew 1985: 1). For ancient Palestine, the Negev desert,