The Cerutti Mastodon Site Reinterpreted with Reference to Freeway Construction Plans and Methods*

@article{Ferrell2019TheCM,
  title={The Cerutti Mastodon Site Reinterpreted with Reference to Freeway Construction Plans and Methods*},
  author={Patrick M. Ferrell},
  journal={PaleoAmerica},
  year={2019},
  volume={5},
  pages={1 - 7}
}
ABSTRACT The Cerutti Mastodon (CM) site has been claimed as evidence for human presence in North America 130,000 years ago. Damage to mastodon bones at an active construction site was attributed to ancient human activity. Damage by modern construction equipment was not cited as a possible cause. Through reference to a freeway right-of-way map and construction plans, contemporary road building practices, and work site photographs available on the Internet, this paper concludes that freeway… 
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Ascertaining Archaeological Evidence of Antiquity
  • History
    First Peoples in a New World
  • 2021
Clovis Adaptations and Pleistocene Megafaunal Extinctions
  • Environmental Science
    First Peoples in a New World
  • 2021
Glaciers, Climates and Environments of Ice Age North America
  • Environmental Science
    First Peoples in a New World
  • 2021
Index
  • First Peoples in a New World
  • 2021
Notes
  • First Peoples in a New World
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Overture
  • First Peoples in a New World
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References

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Broken Bones and Hammerstones at the Cerutti Mastodon Site: A Reply to Haynes
ABSTRACT Haynes [2017 “The Cerutti Mastodon.” PaleoAmerica 3 (3): 196–199] criticizes numerous aspects of our analysis of the Cerutti Mastodon (CM) site, but central among his points is the claim
A 130,000-year-old archaeological site in southern California, USA.
TLDR
These findings confirm the presence of an unidentified species of Homo at the CM site during the last interglacial period (MIS 5e; early late Pleistocene), indicating that humans with manual dexterity and the experiential knowledge to use hammerstones and anvils processed mastodon limb bones for marrow extraction and/or raw material for tool production.
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