The Certification of Emotional Support Animals: Differences Between Clinical and Forensic Mental Health Practitioners

  title={The Certification of Emotional Support Animals: Differences Between Clinical and Forensic Mental Health Practitioners},
  author={Cassandra L. Boness and Jeffrey N. Younggren and I. Bruce Frumkin},
  journal={Professional Psychology: Research and Practice},
There is a growing trend of individuals requesting emotional support animal (ESA) “letters” from licensed mental health professionals. However, no current standards exist for making these evaluations. The current study sought to examine, within a specific sample, (1) roughly how many and what type of mental health professionals are making ESA evaluations and (2) to explore what instruments these practitioners used, or would use, for making such an evaluation. Through the use of a sample of 87… 

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