The Central Role of Energy in the Urban Transition: Global Challenges for Sustainability

@article{Burger2018TheCR,
  title={The Central Role of Energy in the Urban Transition: Global Challenges for Sustainability},
  author={J. R. Burger and J. H. Brown and J. Day and T. Flanagan and E. D. Roy},
  journal={BioPhysical Economics and Resource Quality},
  year={2018},
  volume={4},
  pages={1-13}
}
The urban transition, the increased ratio of urban to rural population globally and within countries, is a hallmark of the twenty-first century. Our analysis of publicly available data from the World Bank spanning several decades for ~ 195 countries shows that across and within nations over time, per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), energy use, and CO2 emissions are lowest in predominantly rural countries (rural > urban pop.), increase rapidly across urbanizing countries (rural ≈ urban pop… Expand
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