The Causes of Hostile Media Judgments

  title={The Causes of Hostile Media Judgments},
  author={Roger Giner-Sorolla and Shelly Chaiken},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Social Psychology},
This research investigated the mechanisms involved in the hostile media effect, in which partisans tend to judge news coverage as biased against their own side. Subjects on both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the abortion issue were shown television news coverage of both issues. They were then tested for memory of program content and judgments of bias and imbalance in coverage. Mideast partisans judged coverage to be biased against their own side, replicating previous findings… 

Mapping Boundaries of the Hostile Media Effect

The hostile media perception, the tendency for partisans to judge mass media coverage as unfavorable to their own point of view, has been vividly demonstrated but not well explained. This contrast

Hostile Media Perceptions

The hostile media perception, also known as the hostile media effect, refers to the judgment, by individuals who have strong opinions on a particular issue, that media coverage of that issue is

Broad Reach or Biased Source? Decomposing the Hostile Media Effect

This experiment examined theoretical questions surrounding the hostile media effect-the tendency of partisans on a controversial issue to see news coverage of that issue as biased in favor of the

The Hostile Media Effect, Biased Assimilation, and Perceptions of a Presidential Debate

This study examined the relation between 2 seemingly inconsistent phenomena: hostile media effect and biased assimilation. Participants (N = 156) reported their preference for George W. Bush or John

Partisan Differences in Opinionated News Perceptions: A Test of the Hostile Media Effect

The proliferation of opinion and overt partisanship in cable news raises questions about how audiences perceive this content. Of particular interest is whether audiences effectively perceive bias in

Congenial public, contrary press, and biased estimates of the climate of opinion.

Results supported the hypothesis that people make inferences about the climate of opinion based on their reading of the news, especially the perceived slant of that news, and confirmed that partisans on each side of the issue judged news articles to be biased in a disagreeable direction relative to judgments of those on the other side.

Personal Bias or Government Bias? Testing the Hostile Media Effect in a Regulated Press System

This study examines the hostile media effect in relation to partisans’ perception of the slant of news coverage in a highly regulated press environment—Singapore. We found that partisans in Singapore

Partisan Evaluation of Partisan Information

The data supported an expected hostile media perception in the case of “fair and balanced” information, but different patterns in the other bias conditions suggest that content variables can sometimes disarm defensive processing.

Why Partisans See Mass Media as Biased

Using new field-experiment tests with groups of partisans who either supported or opposed the use of genetically modified foods, evidence of selective categorization and different standards generally was found, however, only selective categization appeared to explain the hostile media effect.

Assimilation and Contrast in a Test of the Hostile Media Effect

Overall evaluations tended toward assimilation rather than contrast effects, and two distinct dimensions of partisanship produced surprising and provocative results.