The Catholic Encyclopedia

  title={The Catholic Encyclopedia},
  author={Thomas Nelson},
Liturgy (leitourgia) is a Greek composite word meaning originally a public duty, a service to the state undertaken by a citizen. Its elements are leitos (from leos = laos, people) meaning public, and ergo (obsolete in the present stem, used in future erxo, etc.), to do. From this we have leitourgos, "a man who performs a public duty", "a public servant", often used as equivalent to the Roman lictor; then leitourgeo, "to do such a duty", leitourgema, its performance, and leitourgia, the public… 

Pentecostal Power: A Study on the Origin and Conflicts of Glossolalia within Nineteenth Century Mormonism

As the tenants and structure of Moromonism took shape in the 1800s church members and leadership worked toward an understanding of the role glossolalia — the practice of speaking in tongues, would

“Onomastic Emphasis” in Julia Álvarez's Saving the World

Abstract In her 2007 novel, Saving the World, Julia Álvarez uses alternating chapters to narrate both a modern tale and a corresponding historical saga. She employs nomenclature emphatically on

“The Caprices of an Undisciplined Fancy”: Using Blame to Negotiate the “betweens” of Ethos via the Epideictic

Building on the scholarship of Nedra Reynolds, Dale Sullivan, and recent feminist scholars writing on ethos, this article argues that blame is a vehicle that rhetors can use to enhance their ēthē.

Papalist Reaction to the Council of Constance: Juan de Torquemada to the Present

The Council of Constance has presented a problem to propapal historians since its close. On the one hand, the council ended the Great Western Schism, establishing an accepted line of popes while

From Rome to the antipodes: the medieval form of the world

Here we discuss how some medieval scholars in the Western Europe viewed the form of the world and the problem of the Antipodes, starting from the Natural History written by Pliny the Elder and ending

Monsieur Vincent: Advisor to the Wealthy, Servant of the Poor

In lieu of an abstract, below is the essay's first paragraph. "Monsieur Vincent, directed by Maurice Cloche, is a film which shows the selfless journey of Vincent De Paul as he dedicates his life to

Die assimilasie van lidmate in die plaaslike geloofsgemeenskap

The assimilation of church members into the local faith community In this article, the assimilation of members into the faith community is discussed. When a church has found its identity in being a

Double Monasticism in the Greek East, Fourth through Eighth Centuries

Throughout the history of early Christianity, monasticism played a dominant role. The form of ascetic life known as double monasticism—men and women following the same rule under one superior while

Subvers ive Demythologiz ing in Calderón de la Barca ’ s

From as early as the fourth century BC, philosophers have sought to deconstruct the logic of myths. Plato, for example, systematically contrasted logos, or rational argument, with mythos. By the

Scholars and Literati at the University of Santiago de Compostela (1526–1800)

The origin of the University of Santiago de Compostela, located in the homonymous town in the Galicia, Spain, dates as far back as 1495, when a "grammar school (Colegio de Gramática)" for the poor