The Catalytic Cracking of Hydrocarbons in a Riser Simulator: The Effect of Catalyst Accessibility and Acidity

Abstract

_____________________________________________________________ Different catalysts based on Y-zeolite, ZSM-5 and amorphous kaolin were prepared and characterized. The catalytic cracking of 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene (1,3,5-TIPB), 1,4diisopropylbenzene (1,4-DIPB) and n-dodecane were used to investigate the effect of catalyst nature on the catalytic performance. Cracking the largest molecule (1,3,5-TIPB) using the kaolin, with largest pore structure, was found to be most efficient although it has lowest acidity. On the contrary, cracking of n-dodecane was found to be very efficient using catalyst based on ZSM-5 zeolite. Koalin catalyst produces more cumene when used for cracking 1,4-DIPB and 1,3,5-TIPB than the zeolite catalyst. Benzene selectivity was highest for ZSM-5 catalyst and high reaction temperature. Generally, cracking of 1,3,5-TIPB produces more coke followed by 1,4 DIPB and least is ndodecane. Amorphous kaolin was found to produce less coke than both USY and ZSM-5 zeolites; however kaolin was found completely inactive in cracking n-dodecane. _____________________________________________________________

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Mahgoub2006TheCC, title={The Catalytic Cracking of Hydrocarbons in a Riser Simulator: The Effect of Catalyst Accessibility and Acidity}, author={Kamal Ahmed Marghany Mahgoub and Sulaiman Saleh Al-Khattaf}, year={2006} }