The Career of Francis James Bernard: Nepotism and Patronage in Early Singapore

@article{Wright2016TheCO,
  title={The Career of Francis James Bernard: Nepotism and Patronage in Early Singapore},
  author={Nadia H. Wright},
  journal={Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society},
  year={2016},
  volume={89},
  pages={25 - 44}
}
  • N. Wright
  • Published 7 December 2016
  • History
  • Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society
Abstract: Francis James Bernard (1796–1843) was a founding pioneer in the British settlement at Singapore, becoming the first Master Attendant, engaging in maritime surveying and serving as inaugural head of the police department. He also established the Singapore Chronicle newspaper. His character has not fared well in history, largely due to adverse comments made by Sir Stamford Raffles, who treated Bernard unfairly, and a negative appraisal by historian Carl Gibson-Hill. Based on an… 

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