The Cardiff dental study: a 20-year critical evaluation of the psychological health gain from orthodontic treatment.

@article{Kenealy2007TheCD,
  title={The Cardiff dental study: a 20-year critical evaluation of the psychological health gain from orthodontic treatment.},
  author={Pamela M. Kenealy and Anne Kingdon and Stephen Richmond and William C. Shaw},
  journal={British journal of health psychology},
  year={2007},
  volume={12 Pt 1},
  pages={17-49}
}
OBJECTIVES Despite the widespread belief that orthodontics improves psychological well-being and self-esteem, there is little objective evidence to support this (Kenealy et al., 1989a; Shaw, O'Brien, Richmond, & Brook, 1991). A 20 year follow-up study compared the dental and psychosocial status of individuals who received, or did not receive, orthodontics as teenagers. DESIGN A prospective longitudinal cohort design with four studies of the effect of orthodontic treatment. Secondary analysis… CONTINUE READING

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Does psychological well-being influence oral-health-related quality of life reports in children receiving orthodontic treatment?

American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics • 2011
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Psychological well-being, dental esthetics, and psychosocial impacts in adolescent orthodontic patients: A prospective longitudinal study.

American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics • 2018

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