The Cape Peninsula, South Africa: physiographical, biological and historical background to an extraordinary hot-spot of biodiversity

@article{Cowling2004TheCP,
  title={The Cape Peninsula, South Africa: physiographical, biological and historical background to an extraordinary hot-spot of biodiversity},
  author={Richard M. Cowling and I. A. W. Macdonald and Mark Trevor Simmons},
  journal={Biodiversity \& Conservation},
  year={2004},
  volume={5},
  pages={527-550}
}
The Cape Peninsula, a 470 km2 area of rugged scenery and varied climate, is located at the southwestern tip of the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. The Peninsula is home to 2285 plant species and is a globally important hot-spot of biodiversity for higher plants and invertebrates. This paper provides a broad overview of the physiography, biological attributes and history of human occupation of the Peninsula. The Peninsula is characterized physiographically by extremely high topographical… 

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...

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Why is the Cape Peninsula so rich in plant species? An analysis of the independent diversity components

TLDR
High beta diversity, encompassing almost complete turnover, was recorded along soil fertility gradients, and future research should focus on developing a biological and ecological understanding of the different forms of rarity and integrating this into management plans for the maintenance of biodiversity.

Profiling a besieged flora: endemic and threatened plants of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa

TLDR
The habitat and biological profiles of both endemic and threatened species suggest that they are highly vulnerable to extinction as a result of increasing rates of alien plant infestation, urbanization and inappropriate fire regimes.

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