The Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning: The Four-Component Instructional Design Model: Multimedia Principles in Environments for Complex Learning

@inproceedings{Merrinboer2005TheCH,
  title={The Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning: The Four-Component Instructional Design Model: Multimedia Principles in Environments for Complex Learning},
  author={J. Merri{\"e}nboer and L. Kester},
  year={2005}
}
The Four-Component Instructional Design (4C/ID) model claims that four components are necessary to realize complex learning: (1) learning tasks, (2) supportive information, (3) procedural information, and (4) part-task practice. This chapter discusses the use of the model to design multimedia learning environments in which instruction is controlled by the system, the learner, or both; 22 multimedia principles are related to each of the four components and instructional control. Students may… Expand
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