The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance

  title={The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance},
  author={Tauno Kek{\"a}le},
  journal={Journal of Workplace Learning},
  • T. Kekäle
  • Published 11 September 2009
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Workplace Learning
This is the first handbook where the world’s foremost “experts on expertise” review our scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance and how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of their development, training, reasoning, knowledge, social support, and innate talent. Methods are described for the study of experts’ knowledge and their performance of representative tasks from their domain of expertise. The development of expertise is also studied by retrospective interviews and… Expand
Philosophical and Psychological Accounts of Expertise and Experts
There are many philosophical problems surrounding experts, given the power and status accorded to them in society. We think that what makes someone an expert is having expertise in some skill domain.Expand
Expert Knowledge: Its Structure, Functions and Limits
Abstract Expert knowledge - a concept associated with Ryle’s distinction of knowledgethat and knowledge-how - functions in distinct areas of knowledge and social expertise. Consisting of bothExpand
The Role of Expertise Research and Human Factors in Capturing, Explaining, and Producing Superior Performance
Although significant challenges remain, there is encouraging progress in domains such as sports, aviation, and medicine in understanding some of the mechanisms underlying human expertise and in structuring training and tools to improve skilled performance. Expand
Development of expertise
An expert is a person whose performance in a given domain is superior to that of the large majority of the population. Recursively, a super-expert is an expert whose performance is superior to thatExpand
Moving from Novice to Expertise and Its Implications for Instruction
The stages of expertise development, what differentiates a novice from an expert, and how the development and differences impact how the authors teach their classes or design the curriculum are addressed. Expand
Expertise: acquisition, limitations, and control
This chapter reviews the current status of research on expertise, with a tripartite emphasis on expertise acquisition, the limitations associated with expertise, and the extent to which expert skillExpand
The study of expertise has focused on the concept of specialization and specialists, both from a sociological and a biological perspective. It has been taken for granted that expertise concerns onlyExpand
Finding expertise using online community dialogue and the Duality of Expertise
  • M. Niemann
  • Political Science, Computer Science
  • ALTA
  • 2014
The Duality of Expertise is incorporated in a process designed for expertise finding software in an online community forum and the preprocessing element uses a bricolag of linguistic and IR tools and methods in a novel way to construct each author’s expertise profile. Expand
Experts’ and Novices’ Perception of Ignorance and Knowledge in Different Research Disciplines and Its Relation to Belief in Certainty of Knowledge
Examination of experts’ and novices’ perception of their own ignorance and knowledge out of everything there is to know within their own and other disciplines and their assessments of their discipline’s, other disciplines’ knowledge of all there are to know in each discipline found that Historians believed least in certainty of knowledge and physicists most. Expand
Restricting range restricts conclusions
The main goal of the expertise approach is to provide evidence relating to the cognitive and neural mechanisms behind processes such as object and pattern recognition, which would be difficult to obtain from subjects who possess approximately the same level of expertise. Expand


Expertise in Problem Solving.
An examination of the shift from consideration of general, domain-independent skills and procedures, in both cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence, to the study of the knowledge base shows the importance of differences in the knowledge bases of experts and novices to their problem solving success. Expand
The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance.
A theoretical framework is proposed that explains expert performance in terms of acquired characteristics resulting from extended deliberate practice and that limits the role of innate (inherited) characteristics to general levels of activity and emotionality. Expand
Psychological characteristics and strategies of expert decision makers
Abstract Previous studies of expert decision makers have concluded that experts, because of cognitive limitations, are generally inaccurate, unreliable, biased, lack self-insight, and gain littleExpand
Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domains.
  • K. A. Ericsson
  • Medicine
  • Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
  • 2004
This article proposes an alternative framework to account for individual differences in attained professional development, as well as many aspects of age-related decline, based on the assumption that acquisition of expert performance requires engagement in deliberate practice and that continued deliberate practice is necessary for maintenance of many types of professional performance. Expand
An ecological theory of expertise effects in memory recall.
A novel theory based on an ecological approach is proposed that predicts that there will be a memory expertise advantage in cases in which experts are attuned to the goal-relevant constraints in the material to be recalled and that the more constraint available, the greater the expertise advantage can be. Expand
Expert and exceptional performance: evidence of maximal adaptation to task constraints.
Many of the mechanisms of superior expert performance serve the dual purpose of mediating experts' current performance and of allowing continued improvement of this performance in response to informative feedback during practice activities. Expand
Expertise effects in memory recall: comment on Vicente and Wang (1998).
Reexamination of the evidence shows that Vicente and Wang's theory is not novel but has been anticipated by those they criticized and that other current published theories of the phenomena do not have the defects that Vicentes and Wang attributed to them. Expand
How experts' adaptations to representative task demands account for the expertise effect in memory recall: comment on Vicente and Wang (1998).
The process-based framework of LTWM is shown to be superior to their product theory because it can explain interactions of the expertise effect in "contrived" recall under several testing conditions differing in presentation rate, instructions, and memory procedures. Expand
A psychometric analysis of chess expertise.
Results from a representative sample of active chess players showed that the ACT is a very reliable test for chess expertise and that ACT has high predictive validity. Expand
Innate talents: reality or myth?
An analysis of positive and negative evidence and arguments suggests that differences in early experiences, preferences, opportunities, habits, training, and practice are the real determinants of excellence. Expand