The Calendar on the Antikythera Mechanism and the Corinthian Family of Calendars

  title={The Calendar on the Antikythera Mechanism and the Corinthian Family of Calendars},
  author={Paul A. Iversen},
  pages={129 - 203}
Abstract:This article explores the evidence for the Corinthian family of calendars in light of the calendar recently discovered on the Metonic Spiral of the Antikythera Mechanism. It will be argued that the calendar on the Antikythera Mechanism cannot be that of Syracuse, and that it is likely to be the Epirote calendar, possibly adopted from Corinthian Ambrakia. It will also be argued that the first month of this calendar, Phoinikaios, was ideally the month in which the autumn equinox fell… 
Our current knowledge of the Antikythera Mechanism
The Antikythera Mechanism is the oldest known mechanical calculator. It was constructed around the second century bce and lost in a shipwreck very close to the small Greek island of Antikythera. The
The Back Plate Inscription and eclipse scheme of the Antikythera Mechanism revisited
This paper presents a new edition of the Back Plate Inscription (BPI) of the Antikythera Mechanism, a series of descriptions of circumstances associated with eclipses indicated cyclically by the
The Initial Calibration Date of the Antikythera Mechanism after the Saros spiral mechanical Apokatastasis
This work analyzes the phase correlation of the three lunar cycles and the Saros/Exeligmos cycle, after the study of the chapter “About Exeligmos” in “Introduction to the Phenomena” by Geminus.
The Archimedes’ Lever and Vesuvius Eruption A.D. 79
  • A. Safronov
  • History
    Journal of Anthropological and Archaeological Sciences
  • 2020
various mixed effusive-explosive eruptions. The Abstract The study based on detailed analysis of the Villa of the Mysteries frescoes, which were discovered early at the excavations in Pompeii. It was
Renumbering of the Antikythera Mechanism Saros cells, resulting from the Saros spiral mechanical apokatastasis
After studying the design geometry of the Antikythera Mechanism Saros spiral, new critical geometrical/mechanical characteristics of the Back plate design were detected. The geometrical
Greek and Latin Inscriptions from Temple Hill, Corinth
  • P. Iversen, D. Laing
  • History
    Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens
  • 2021
Abstract:This article presents editions of 42 inscribed fragments belonging to 37 different Greek and Latin inscriptions unearthed between 1968 and 1978 on Temple Hill in ancient Corinth. They date
The Antikythera Mechanism
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, or stored in any retrieval system of any nature without prior written permission, except
The Antikythera mechanism
The discovery of this calculating machine is so significant that part of the history of ancient technology must be rewritten.


Calendars with Olympiad display and eclipse prediction on the Antikythera Mechanism
Though no month names on the Metonic calendar were previously known, all 12 months are identified, which are unexpectedly of Corinthian origin, and the cycles of human institutions with the celestial cycles embedded in the Mechanism’s gearwork are linked.
The Astronomical Events of the Parapegma of the Antikythera Mechanism
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONThe Antikythera Mechanism,1 found in an ancient shipwreck in A.D. 1901, is an extraordinary 2000-year-old astronomical computer that calculated
The Roman Calendar, 218-191 B. C.
THIS ENQUIRY takes its beginning from an earlier article in Phoenix, of which it is in fact a retrogressive continuation.1 The aim there was to establish the relation of the Roman calendar to the
The Roman Calendar, 190-168 B. C.
IT HAS BEEN SAID that there is not enough evidence to support a complete system of equivalents between dates in the pre-Julian Roman calendar on the one hand and dates in an extrapolated Julian
Herodotus and the Dating of the Battle of Thermopylae
  • K. Sacks
  • History
    The Classical Quarterly
  • 1976
The battle of Salamis can be dated with a high degree of certainty. Probably about the time of that battle, Cleombrotus was at the Isthmus, constructing the defences there (Hdt. 8. 71. 1). At some
On the epoch of the Antikythera mechanism and its eclipse predictor
A series of constraints are applied, in a sort of sieve of Eratosthenes, to sequentially eliminate possibilities for the epoch date of the Antikythera mechanism, finding that the solar eclipse of month 13 of the Saros dial almost certainly belongs to solar Saros series 44.
Decoding the ancient Greek astronomical calculator known as the Antikythera Mechanism
The Antikythera Mechanism is a unique Greek geared device, constructed around the end of the second century bc. It is known that it calculated and displayed celestial information, particularly cycles
The Antikythera Shipwreck and Sinope's Culture during rhe Mithridatic Wars
During the last years my curiosity has been kept alive by the research of Giovanni Pastore, a great expert in engineering, who has studied all the possibilities of an instrument, which was found in
Corinthiaca. I. The Month Phoinikaios
  • S. Dow
  • History
    American Journal of Archaeology
  • 1942
DESPITE the city's great area, now evident,' and its copious remains, and despite its historical importance, "it is impossible to compose even in outline a continuous history of Corinth." 2 Literary
Greek and Roman Calendars: Constructions of Time in the Classical World
The smooth functioning of an ordered society depends on the possession of a means of regularising its activities over time. That means is a calendar, and its regularity is a function of how well it