The Bystander Effect: A Lens for Understanding Patterns of Participation

@article{Hudson2004TheBE,
  title={The Bystander Effect: A Lens for Understanding Patterns of Participation},
  author={James M. Hudson and Amy Bruckman},
  journal={Journal of the Learning Sciences},
  year={2004},
  volume={13},
  pages={165 - 195}
}
A number of studies have shown that students are often more willing to participate in educational conversations online than in the classroom. However, other studies have shown that online environments have poor student participation Why is this the case? What causes participation to vary from one environment to another? To explore these phenomena, we borrow a concept from social psychology, the bystander effect, which explains why individuals are less likely to help in an emergency if others… 

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