The Built Environment and Human Activity Patterns: Exploring the Impacts of Urban Form on Public Health

  title={The Built Environment and Human Activity Patterns: Exploring the Impacts of Urban Form on Public Health},
  author={Lawrence D. Frank and Peter O. Engelke},
  journal={Journal of Planning Literature},
  pages={202 - 218}
An increasing body of evidence suggests that moderate forms of physical activity (such as walking and bicycling), when engaged in regularly, can have important beneficial effects on public health. This article reviews current public health, planning, and urban design research to determine, first, how walking and bicycling might be critically important exercise behaviors for improving public health, second, how urban form affects the frequency of walking and bicycling as a form of physical… 

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