The Black Ink of the Qumran Scrolls

@article{Broshi1996TheBI,
  title={The Black Ink of the Qumran Scrolls},
  author={M. Broshi and Y. Nir-el},
  journal={Dead Sea Discoveries},
  year={1996},
  volume={3},
  pages={157-167}
}
The Qumran scrolls were written with a black ink.' Ancient black inks were analyzed in several studies and two types were detected and identified: carbon ink, based on lampblack or soot; and iron-gall ink, consisting of copperas (green vitriol, FeSO4 7H20), treated with a decoction of oak-nut galls.2 The black ink of the scrolls from Cave I was analyzed in the early '50s by Plenderleith,3 who found that its base was carbon. This was confirmed by microchemical tests applied to a series of… Expand
The constituents of the ink from a Qumran inkwell: new prospects for provenancing the ink on the Dead Sea Scrolls
A unique sample of ink from an inkwell in the Schoyen Collection allegedly found at Qumran has been subjected to analyses by several analytical techniques: GCeMS, proteomic analysis, PXRD, Raman,Expand
The Vercelli Gospels laid open: an investigation into the inks used to write the oldest Gospels in Latin
An ancient religious manuscript datable to the 4th century A.D., the Codex Eusebii Evangeliorum or Vercelli Gospels, has been analysed by portable Raman and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry. TheExpand
Select Papyri from Danish Collections: Philological and Archaeometric Studies
Three types of black ink are attested in the textual sources pertaining to the manufacture of black pigments in the ancient Mediterranean: “carbon ink”, “mixed ink” and “iron-gall ink”. A discussionExpand
Chemical characterization of black and red inks inscribed on ancient Egyptian papyri: The Tebtunis temple library
Abstract This article presents the results of a study on the chemistry of the black and red inks used on papyri from the only institutional library to survive from ancient Egypt – the Tebtunis templeExpand
University of Southern Denmark The constituents of the ink from a Qumran inkwell: new prospects for provenancing the ink on the Dead Sea Scrolls
A unique sample of ink from an inkwell in the Schøyen Collection allegedly found at Qumran has been subjected to analyses by several analytical techniques: GCeMS, proteomic analysis, PXRD, Raman,Expand
Black Egyptian inks in Late Antiquity: new insights on their manufacture and use
We present here our methodological approach applied to the study of Egyptian inks in Late Antiquity. It is based on an interdisciplinary strategy, bringing together a variety of disciplines fromExpand
Identification of the proto-inkstone by organic residue analysis: a case study from the Changle Cemetery in China
The inkstone is a specific writing implement in China that was popularized since the Han Dynasty (202 BC–AD 220). A rectangular/round grinding plate accompanied with a grinding stone is considered asExpand
Building a bridge from the Dead Sea Scrolls
As part of the Qumran project conducted at the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) in Berlin between 2007 and 2010, my colleagues and I developed a new, integrated methodologyExpand
Multispectral imaging and analysis of the Archimedes
The Archimedes Palimpsest is a manuscript that has been preserved for approximately 1,000 years.Among its pages are some of the few known sources oftreatises from the Greek mathematician Archimedes.Expand
Scripture and its reception: a semiotic analysis of selected graphic designs illustrating biblical lections in iconic liturgical books
Biblical reception history is a rapidly expanding area of biblical studies that concerns itself not only with how biblical texts have been received historically and traditionally but also with howExpand
...
1
2
3
...