The Birth of the Biotechnology Era: Penicillin in Australia, 1943–80 1

  title={The Birth of the Biotechnology Era: Penicillin in Australia, 1943–80 1},
  author={John A. Mathews},
  pages={317 - 333}
Abstract As Australia and other countries seek to establish biotechnology industries, it is timely to review successes and failures in this field. One of the most notable stories is the development of penicillin, as a wartime project, to which Australians made major contributions. Australians during and immediately after the war contributed much to the scientific identification and purification of penicillin, and to the industrial scaling up in its production at the Commonwealth Serum… Expand
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Excerpt In 1929, while examining plates seeded with staphylococci, Fleming1observed that colonies failed to grow in the neighborhood of a colony of a contaminating mold. Following up this chance ob...
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