The Birmingham Gun Trade and The American System of Manufactures

  title={The Birmingham Gun Trade and The American System of Manufactures},
  author={David J. Williams},
  journal={Transactions of the Newcomen Society},
  pages={106 - 85}
changes in product technology and the manufacturing process changes required to achieve them. This paper describes the changes in the Birmingham industry, its products, processes and machinery suppliers, and the precision required and examines the Birmingham Gun trade as a manufacturing cluster. It is important to recognise that the processes and traditions of the eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century gun trade were maintained through the 1950s and in some cases still exist. The photographs… 
“It would be impossible to estimate the value of these works...” Mass Production at Springfield Armory during the American Civil War
The U.S. Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts, rarely appears in Civil War histories except perhaps as an unexplained statistical wonder. By late 1863, the Armory was the largest single supplier of
  • History
  • 2005
Abbas Pasha (Viceroy of Egypt), 320, 322 Abercrombie, (Sir) Patrick (town planner), 63 Abyssinia (Ethiopia), monorail proposal, 58 Accles, James (firearms manufacturer), 96 Acheson, Edward G.
Testing the General Validity of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem: The Natural Experiment of Japan
We exploit Japan’s 19th century move from autarky to free trade to provide the first test of the general validity of the price formulation of the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem. In this formulation a
On Value and Waste
Value and waste are concepts that are used in improvement projects. In lean the concepts are fairly simple. Reduce the waste and the value has increased. However, value is both multidimensional and


John H. Hall, Simeon North, and the Milling Machine: The Nature of Innovation among Antebellum Arms Makers
During the early decades of the 19th century, the firearms industry in the United States experienced a remarkable transformation from craft to machine production. The origins of this change can
Interchangeable Parts Reexamined: The Private Sector of the American Arms Industry on the Eve of the Civil War
A central concept of the American system of manufacture is that the parts of a mechanism, such as a gunlock, must be interchangeable. The theoretical advantages of interchangeability are fairly
British Response to the American System: The Case of the Small-Arms Industry after 1850
the American System of production exhibited in large quantities.1 As a result of several related events-the subsequent production of American guns in England, the investigation of American machinery
Mass Production Without the Factory: Craft Producers, Guns and Small Firm Innovation, 1790-1815
Recent attempts to redefine the role of small firms as dynamic initiators of change in production processes run counter to the conventional narratives on the growth of the factory. These narratives
The British Machine Tool Industry, 1850–1914
Introduction 1. The engineering industries 2. The technical history of machine tools, 1850-1914 3. The machine tool industry: structure and explanation 4. International trade in machine tools 5.
Who Turned the Mechanical Ideal into Mechanical Reality
In 1884 Charles Fitch described interchangeable manufacture as a mechanical ideal accomplished by American inventors, entrepreneurs, and mechanicians who in fifty years had transformed the United
The Rise of the Manufacturing Town: Birmingham and the Industrial Revolution
A history of the growth of a wide range of industries in Birmingham which takes into account the social history of the Industrial Revolution, and sets the development of the midlands town against
American and British Technology in the Nineteenth Century: The Search for Labour-Saving Inventions
1. Introduction 2. Labour-saving methods in American industry: the problem 3. The economic effects of labour-scarcity 4. Labour-supplies and technology in the U.S.A. 5. Labour-supplies and technology
The Competitive Advantage Of Nations
With the publication of his best-selling books "Competitive Strategy (1980) and "Competitive Advantage (1985), Michael E. Porter of the Harvard Business School established himself as the world's