The Biology of Paternal Care in Human and Nonhuman Primates

  title={The Biology of Paternal Care in Human and Nonhuman Primates},
  author={Eduardo Fern{\'a}ndez‐Duque and Claudia R. Valeggia and Sally P. Mendoza},
  journal={Annual Review of Anthropology},
Among primates, intense paternal care is manifested in only a few distantly related species, including humans. Thus, neither purely phylogenetic nor socioecological hypotheses can explain its presence or the variability in the expression of paternal behaviors. Traditional theoretical models for the evolution of paternal care can now be reexamined, focusing on male-female interactions as a possible key to understanding parental strategies. At a proximate level, the existing evidence implies a… 

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