The Biologists' Forum: The invention of the microscope

  title={The Biologists' Forum: The invention of the microscope},
  author={David Bardell},
Of all the instruments used in the study of biology, it is the microscope that has contributed most to the furthering of knowledge in the subject. Be that as it may, few biologists are aware of the origin of the microscope. Vision is the most precious of the human senses, and one would expect that the alleviation of weak eyesight and the extension of the power of normal vision would have been priorities in scientific endeavors. However, it took at least 1,300 years from the time of the… 

Foldscope microscope, an inexpensive alternative tool to conventional microscopy-Applications in research and education: A review.

This review has listed foldscope-based research projects in various domains, as well as their key properties when compared to traditional research microscopes, and concluded with the perspective that the microscope may be updated to imitate the advancement of a conventional microscope.

Quo vadis FRET? Förster’s method in the era of superresolution

It is the view that FRET is still a legitimate tool in the armamentarium of biologists for studying molecular associations since it offers distinct advantages and overcomes certain limitations of superresolution approaches.

A new wide field-of-view confocal imaging system and its applications in drug discovery and pathology

A patented new wide field-of-view confocal scanning laser imaging system has been developed for tissue imaging, which is capable of imaging an entire microscope slide without tiling, and makes fluorescence examination of large specimens possible for the first time without tiled.

Unconventional methods of imaging: computational microscopy and compact implementations

A review of lens-based computational imaging, in particular, light-field microscopy, structured illumination, synthetic aperture, Fourier ptychography, and compressive imaging, and how these and other microscopy modalities have been implemented in compact and field-portable devices, often based around smartphones.

Contributions of Muslim scholars attributed to other scholars in optics

IbnSahl, a Muslim scholar during the Golden Age in the history of Islam, had contributed in developing of the Snell’s law. He explained the law in his book entitled On the Burning Instrument (Kitab

What were the historical reasons for the resistance to recognizing airborne transmission during the COVID-19 pandemic?

The acceleration of interdisciplinary research inspired by the COVID-19 pandemic has shown that airborne transmission is a major mode of transmission for this disease, and is likely to be significant for many respiratory infectious diseases.

The Development of Coherent Multidimensional Microspectroscopy

This chapter reviews the challenges of incorporating traditional CMDS techniques into imaging modalities, the basics of microscopy and spatial resolution, and how different experimental setups implemented by the five research groups that have executed CMDMS approach these obstacles.

The classification of blood cell via contrast-enhanced microholography and deep learning

This approach applies the deep learning method and a convolutional neural network in reconstructing object images from the diffraction patterns to provide a portable, compact and cost-effective contrast-enhanced microholography system for clinical diagnosis.

Tomographic Reconstruction beyond Classical X-ray CT

For years, simplifying assumptions have been necessary in X-ray Computed Tomography to make the reconstruction of images feasible. Only recently, computer hardware has become powerful enough to



The First Record of Microscopic Observations

Dred years after the discovery of lenses for eyeglasses, the simplicity of the invention allowed many to quickly duplicate it, hence the confusion surrounding the discovery.

The discovery of microorganisms by Robert Hooke and Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Fellows of The Royal Society

  • H. Gest
  • Biology
    Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
  • 2004
After a lapse of more than 150 years, microscopy became the backbone of the understanding of the roles of microbes in the causation of infectious diseases and the recycling of chemical elements in the biosphere.

The first practical application of optical magnification

Man under the sea . Harper and Brothers , New York , 332 pp . Euclid . ca . 300 B . C . Optica , translated excerpts in

  • 1956

Cornelius Drebbel

  • Dictionary of scientific biography
  • 1971

ca . 62 AD . Naturales quaestiones

  • Science and civilization in Islam
  • 1968

The instruments of Galileo Galilei

  • 1967

Letter from Giovanni Faber , Rome , 13 April 1625 , to Federico Cesi in Acquasparta . The original letter is in the possession of the Accademia dei Lincei , Rome

  • 1625

Letter from Constantijin Huygens , London , 30 March 1622 , to his parents in the Netherlands

  • 1622