The Best Is Yet to Come? Attitudes Toward Gender Roles Among Adolescents in 36 Countries

  title={The Best Is Yet to Come? Attitudes Toward Gender Roles Among Adolescents in 36 Countries},
  author={Giulia M. Dotti Sani and Mario Quaranta},
  journal={Sex Roles},
In the present article, we look at attitudes toward gender roles among young women and men in 36 countries with different levels of societal gender inequality. By applying multilevel models to data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2009, the study contributes to our understanding of gender inequality by showing that (a) both young women and young men (in 8th grade; Mage = 14.39 years) display more gender-egalitarian attitudes in countries with higher levels of… 
Young people are leaders of change in any society; therefore, studying their attitude towards gender roles in the family is of particular interest in predicting changes in their behaviour and
Becoming more egalitarian: A longitudinal examination of Mexican-origin adolescents' gender role attitudes.
Findings highlight the importance of studying gender development in conjunction with situating identities, cultural identities, and the broader context, particularly when children are embedded in multiple cultures with contrasting gender role expectations.
Structural and Cohort Effects on Women’s Attitudes toward Gender Egalitarianism in Mexico
Women’s attitudes toward egalitarianism rest on a number of micro and macro conditions. Their education level and labor force participation significantly influence their attitudes toward gender
The Political Socialization of Attitudes Toward Equal Rights from a Comparative Perspective
Lack of tolerance toward traditionally disadvantaged groups, such as immigrants, ethnic minorities and women, represents a growing challenge to contemporary democracies. Assuming that attitudes
The Traditional Individual in Society: A Study on Traditional Gender Roles and Mental Health
Gender roles are socially constructed norms prescribed for men and women in society to follow. Specifically, men and women have been assigned to traditional roles that are seen as "correct" for their
The Development of Gender Role Attitudes During Adolescence: Effects of Sex, Socioeconomic Background, and Cognitive Abilities.
How gender role attitudes develop during adolescence, and how biological, social, and cognitive factors predict this development, remains a matter of debate. This study examines the development of
Is being gender nonconforming distressing? It depends where you live: gender equality across 15 nations predicts how much gender nonconformity is related to self-esteem
Previous findings on psychological problems related to gender nonconformity should be considered within a broader macrosocial context that may constrain people's freedom to move against gender role norms.
Changing gender role behaviors of south Asian men in different gender regimes: A comparative study of COVID ‐19 lockdown in Pakistan and Germany
It is concluded that social upheaval (COVID‐19) does not convince men (husbands) to interchange their masculine and feminine role behaviors in families, and inferences support key prims of bio‐socialists that gender role behaviors are inherited and may change through cultural advancements (through gender education and enabling legal frameworks) in relatively less gender‐egalitarian societies and proper ‘gendered integration’ initiatives in relatively more gender‐ egalitarian societies.
Contextual Effects on the Gendered Division of Housework: A Cross-Country and Cross-Time Analysis
Individuals who espouse an egalitarian gender ideology as well as economically independent women benefit from a more egalitarian division of housework. Although these two individual-level
How Cities Erode Gender Inequality: A New Theory and Evidence from Cambodia
Support for gender equality has increased globally, and studies of this trend usually examine individual- and/or country-level factors. However, this overlooks subnational variation. City-dwellers


Parent and Adolescent Gender Role Attitudes in 1990s Great Britain
Using data from the British Household Panel Survey, this short-term longitudinal study examined relationships between early- and mid-adolescents' gender role attitudes and the attitudes of their
Gender Role Attitudes and the Labour-market Outcomes of Women across OECD Countries
This paper uses data from the World Value Surveys (1990, 1995,1999) to investigate the impact of gender role attitudes and work values on women's labour-market outcomes across 25 OECD countries.
Gender-role Attitudes in Middle Childhood: In What Ways Do Parents Influence Their Children?
In 191 Sydney families comprising both parents and two children aged eight to 12, children's gender-role attitudes were examined as a function of children's and parents' demographic variables,
Feminist Attitudes and Support for Gender Equality: Opinion Change in Women and Men, 1974-1998
This article examines attitudes related to feminism and gender equality by evaluating the trends in, and determinants of, women and men's attitudes from 1974 to 1998. Past accounts suggest two
Breadwinner Status and Gender Ideologies of Men and Women regarding Family Roles
Using a longitudinal national sample of married individuals, we examine changes in gender ideologies of married men and women regarding family roles, defined as wife's economic role, husband's and
The sex-role egalitarianism scale: A measure of attitudes toward equality between the sexes
Two parallel forms of the Sex-Role Egalitarianism Scale (SRES) were developed. Each form includes 19 items representing each of five domains of adult living: marital roles, parental roles, employee
Parents' gender-based attitudes toward marital roles and child rearing: Development and validation of new measures
Factor analysis of 18 Likert-type items dealing with gender stereotypes about family roles was conducted and yielded two measures: one focused on marital roles and one focussed on child rearing.
Socialization, Life Situations, and Gender-Role Attitudes regarding the Family among White American Women
There are two major theoretical perspectives explaining differences in gender-role attitudes: the socialization or social-learning theory, and situational theory in the form of macrosituational and
Masculinity, femininity, and sex role attitudes in early adolescence: exploring gender intensification.
The results provide support for gender intensification, but the role of pubertal timing may not be as strong as previously supposed.
Gender Dependence and Attitudes toward the Distribution of Household Labor
We use comparative and multilevel methods to examine attitudes toward the distribution of household labor in 32 countries. We test hypotheses derived from Baxter and Kane's (1995) gender dependence