The Benefits of Facebook "Friends: " Social Capital and College Students' Use of Online Social Network Sites

@article{Ellison2007TheBO,
  title={The Benefits of Facebook "Friends: " Social Capital and College Students' Use of Online Social Network Sites},
  author={Nicole B. Ellison and Charles Steinfield and Cliff Lampe},
  journal={J. Comput. Mediat. Commun.},
  year={2007},
  volume={12},
  pages={1143-1168}
}
This study examines the relationship between use of Facebook, a popular online social network site, and the formation and maintenance of social capital. In addition to assessing bonding and bridging social capital, we explore a dimension of social capital that assesses one’s ability to stay connected with members of a previously inhabited community, which we call maintained social capital. Regression analyses conducted on results from a survey of undergraduate students (N = 286) suggest a… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Is There Social Capital in a Social Network Site?: Facebook Use and College Students' Life Satisfaction, Trust, and Participation

Positive relationships between intensity of Facebook use and students' life satisfaction, social trust, civic engagement, and political participation are found, suggesting that online social networks are not the most effective solution for youth disengagement from civic duty and democracy.

Cultivating Social Resources on Social Network Sites: Facebook Relationship Maintenance Behaviors and Their Role in Social Capital Processes

The role of social grooming and attention-signaling activities in shaping perceived access to resources in one's network as measured by bridging social capital is discussed and this new measure Facebook Relationship Maintenance Behaviors is discussed.

Lessons from Facebook: The Effect of Social Network Sites on College Students' Social Capital 1

Moderate, positive relationships between intensity of Facebook use and students' life satisfaction, social trust, civic participation and political engagement are found, and these findings highlight important lessons for journalists and media interested in reconnecting individuals, especially young adults, to society and public life.

Social capital: the benefit of Facebook ‘friends’

Analysis of the results suggests a strong association between the intensity of Facebook use and perceived bridging, bonding and maintained social capital, which broadens the understanding of Facebook usage by introducing the dimensions of race and age.

The Ties That Bond: Re-Examining the Relationship between Facebook Use and Bonding Social Capital

This study looks at the relationship between Facebook use, offline behaviors, and social provisions, a broad-based measure of social support that taps into a dimension of bonding and suggests that specific behaviors on Facebook are positively linked to perceptions of three social provisions related to one's closest friends and family.

The role of Facebook users’ self-systems in generating social relationships and social capital effects

The result revealed that Facebook users’ self-systems played an important role in the formation of bridging and bonding social relationships as well as in generating social capital effects, but self-esteem did not affectonding social relationships significantly.

Connection strategies: Social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices

It is found that reporting more ‘actual’ friends on the site is predictive of social capital, but only to a point, and the explanation for these findings may be that the identity information in Facebook serves as a social lubricant, encouraging individuals to convert latent to weak ties and enabling them to broadcast requests for support or information.

Social Capital on Facebook

Online relationship formation through social networking sites helps to meet the developmental need for intimacy in emerging adults. Through the use of the rich get richer and the social compensation

Social capital on facebook: differentiating uses and users

Longitudinal surveys matched to server logs from 415 Facebook users reveal that receiving messages from friends is associated with increases in bridging social capital, but that other uses are not, and using the site to passively consume news assists those with lower social fluency draw value from their connections.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES

Rhythms of social interaction: messaging within a massive online network

This paper studies the social net- work service Facebook, which began in early 2004 in select universities, but grew quickly to encompass a very large number of universities.

Community Networks: Where Offline Communities Meet Online

Findings from longitudinal survey data on the use and social impact of community computer networking are described, showing that a person's sense of belonging and collective efficacy, group memberships, activism and social use of the Internet act as mediating variables.

Does the Internet Increase, Decrease, or Supplement Social Capital?

How does the Internet affect social capital? Do the communication possibilities of the Internet increase, decrease, or supplement interpersonal contact, participation, and community commitment? This

Public Displays of Connection

The social implications of the public display of one's social network are explored and several design recommendations for future networking sites are included.

Communication Technology and Friendship During the Transition From High School to College

E-mail and IM are telecommunication technologies that are especially useful among students for maintaining friendships, but the usefulness of these technologies may stem from arbitrary pricing decisions, which allow students to use them frequently, rather than from their intrinsic features, such as media richness.

Social networks and Internet connectivity effects

Results from a series of social network studies of media use reveal that those more strongly tied used more media to communicate than weak ties, and that media use within groups conformed to a unidimensional scale, leading to a number of implications regarding media and Internet connectivity.

I'll See You On “Facebook”: The Effects of Computer-Mediated Teacher Self-Disclosure on Student Motivation, Affective Learning, and Classroom Climate

This experimental study examined the effects of teacher self-disclosure via Facebook on anticipated college student motivation, affective learning, and classroom climate. Participants who accessed

The Strength of Weak Ties

Analysis of social networks is suggested as a tool for linking micro and macro levels of sociological theory. The procedure is illustrated by elaboration of the macro implications of one aspect of

A familiar face(book): profile elements as signals in an online social network

A theoretical framework is described that draws on aspects of signaling theory, common ground theory, and transaction costs theory to generate an understanding of why certain profile fields may be more predictive of friendship articulation on the site.

Information revelation and privacy in online social networks

This paper analyzes the online behavior of more than 4,000 Carnegie Mellon University students who have joined a popular social networking site catered to colleges and evaluates the amount of information they disclose and study their usage of the site's privacy settings.
...