The Battle Between the Biometricians and the Mendelians: How Sir Francis Galton’s Work Caused his Disciples to Reach Conflicting Conclusions About the Hereditary Mechanism

  title={The Battle Between the Biometricians and the Mendelians: How Sir Francis Galton’s Work Caused his Disciples to Reach Conflicting Conclusions About the Hereditary Mechanism},
  author={Nicholas Wright Gillham},
  journal={Science \& Education},
Francis Galton, Charles Darwin’s cousin, had wide and varied interests. They ranged from exploration and travel writing to fingerprinting and the weather. After reading Darwin’s On the Origin of Species, Galton reached the conclusion that it should be possible to improve the human stock through selective breeding, as was the case for domestic animals and cultivated plants. Much of the latter half of Galton’s career was devoted to trying to devise methods to distinguish men of good stock and… 

The Origins of Theoretical Developmental Genetics: Reinterpreting William Bateson’s Role in the History of Evolutionary Thought

  • Carlos Ochoa
  • Biology
    Evolutionary Biology – New Perspectives on Its Development
  • 2021
William Bateson was one of the first geneticists whose ideas are closely associated with current developmental biology, and it is demonstrated that his studies were focused on how morphological structures arise and are maintained and not just the research of hereditary transmission of characters.

Mendel’s controlled pollination experiments in Mirabilis jalapa confirmed his discovery of the gamete theory of inheritance in Pisum

The historian studies revealed during Mendel’s later research period when mainly focusing on the constant hybrid in Hieracium , he had to be intervened to conduct the controlled pollination

Inspiration to Perspiration: Francis Galton’s Hereditary Genius in Victorian Context

In his classic text The Mirror and the Lamp, published in 1953, the literary critic Meyer Abrams described the concept of genius in the Romantic imagination. Genius, he said, was believed to have

Simple Bayesian approaches to modelling pleiotropy in genetic association data

This thesis introduces a method, based on approximate Bayes factors (ABFs), which relies only on effect size estimates and standard errors from GWAS and shows that not only can this method be applied to the meta-analysis of a single trait across multiple studies, but it can also be used to detect effects across multiple traits at a single marker.

La théorie des équilibres ponctués (TEP) : quelles explications de l'explication ?

L’objectif principal est d’analyser et de synthetiser un certain nombre d’hypotheses proposees comme “mecanismes” pour expliquer la TEP et notamment celui “d’accomodation genetique” propose par Mary

Precision Medicine and its Imprecise History

Column Editors’ note: For this Mining the Past article, column co-editor Christopher J. Phillips sketches a history of precision medicine. Though sometimes portrayed as a field with roots primarily

Science, Catholicism and politics in Argentina (1910–1935)

  • M. de Asúa
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 2020
The connections between the scientific, religious and political aspects of the activities of the Catholic naturalist Ángel Gallardo and the astronomer and priest Fortunato Devoto are explored to get some insights into the complexity of the relationships between science and secularization in societies with a Catholic majority.

Science, Catholicism and politics in Argentina (1910-1935).

In fin de siecle Argentina a secularist ideology of science was part of the positivist world view espoused by liberals and socialists. Between the years 1910 and 1935, a period in which the Catholic

High-stakes examination preparation that controls teaching: Chinese prospective teachers’ conceptions of excellent teaching and assessment

How prospective teachers conceive of teaching excellence and assessment purposes probably influences how teaching and assessment practices are implemented in the future. This study evaluated, in four



A Life of Sir Francis Galton: From African Exploration to the Birth of Eugenics

Few scientists have made lasting contributions to as many fields as Francis Galton. He was an important African explorer, travel writer, and geographer. He was the meteorologist who discovered the

The Dimensions of Scientific Controversy: The Biometric—Mendelian Debate

  • R. Olby
  • Education
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 1989
I have returned to this subject because I do not yet feel altogether convinced by Mackenzie and Barnes' analysis of the controversy between Pearson and Bateson, and I am not confident that it is adequate for an understanding of the evolution of their differing views of the mechanism of evolution.

William Bateson from Balanoglossus to Materials for the Study of Variation: The Transatlantic Roots of Discontinuity and the (un)naturalness of Selection

  • E. Peterson
  • History
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 2008
This paper first attempts to trace Bateson’s development in his early career before turning to search for the development of the moniker “anti-Darwinist” that has been attached to Bateson in well-known histories of the neo-Dar Darwinian Synthesis.

Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into its Laws and Consequences

Abstract“HEREDITARY GENIUS” was first published in 1869 and conies second in the series of works in which Galton's investigations on inheritance were given to the public, being preceded in 1865 by

William Bateson, Naturalist: Problems of Heredity as a subject for Horticultural Investigation

An exact determination of the laws of heredity will probably work more change in man's outlook on the world, and in his power over nature, than any other advance in natural knowledge that can be

XV.—The Correlation between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance.

  • R. Fisher
  • Mathematics
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • 1919
Several attempts have already been made to interpret the well-established results of biometry in accordance with the Mendelian scheme of inheritance. It is here attempted to ascertain the biometrical

Mathematical Contributions to the Theory of Evolution. IX. On the Principle of Homotyposis and Its Relation to Heredity, to the Variability of the Individual, and to that of the Race. Part I. Homotypos in the Vegetable Kingdom

The present paper endeavours to deal with a problem upon which I have long been occupied, adopting the widest basis compatible with the time and means at my disposal, and investigates the ratio of individual to racial variability.

The Life, Letters and Labours of Francis Galton

THE completion of this great “Life” of a great man is an achievement, and we wish to express what all interested must feel, that the library of science has been enriched in a very noble way. We

Mathematical contributions to the theory of evolution, On the law of ancestral heredity

  • K. Pearson
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1898
In Mr. Galton’s ‘Natural Inheritance’ the authors find theory of regression based upon the “mid-parent” which formed starting point of the theory of biparental inheritance.

The average contribution of each several ancestor to the total heritage of the offspring

  • F. Galton
  • Philosophy
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1897
A statistical law of heredity that appears to be universally applicable to bisexual descent is found to hold good in a special case and there are strong grounds for believing it to be a general law ofHeredity.