The Bamboo Fire Cycle Hypothesis: A Comment

@article{Saha2001TheBF,
  title={The Bamboo Fire Cycle Hypothesis: A Comment},
  author={Saikat Saha and Henry Forbush Howe},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2001},
  volume={158},
  pages={659 - 663}
}
  • S. Saha, H. Howe
  • Published 1 December 2001
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The American Naturalist
The bamboo fire cycle hypothesis proposed by Keeley and Bond (1999) argues that lightning-ignited wildfire has synchronized flowering and recruitment of bamboos throughout Asia. They argue that mast flowering followed by mass mortality leads to fuel-load accumulation, encouraging ignition by lightning strikes that results in complete consumption of litter and dead stalks, which both enhances bamboo regeneration from seeds and seedlings and simultaneously suppresses neighboring vegetation. They… 
Bamboo, fire and flood: regeneration of Bambusa arnhemica (Bambuseae: Poaceae) after mass-flowering and die-off at contrasting sites in monsoonal northern Australia
TLDR
It is suggested that creation of canopy gaps by parental death is a more parsimonious and generalisable hypothesis for the evolution of gregarious semelparity in bamboos than the recently advanced bamboo fire-cycle hypothesis, however, both hypotheses are potentially group selectionist, and resolution of dispersal distances and/or the spatial genetics of relatedness are required to resolve the problem.
Resprouting increases seedling persistence likelihood after fire in a semelparous bamboo species
TLDR
Chusquea culeou is a semelparous bamboo species which dominates the understorey of temperate forests and shrublands of Patagonia, South America and if this species could have alternative survival mechanisms which allows the persistence of the single seedling cohort, specifically evaluating two stages: seed and seedling.
Fire occurrence in relation to bamboo dominance in the Qinling Mountains of China: Evidence from phytolith and charcoal records in Holocene sediments
TLDR
It is clear from the charcoal and phytolith data that bamboo abundance and recent mast flowering were significantly related to fire occurrence for lower elevation Bashania while the higher elevation Fargesia was not, and lend little evidence to the Fire-Cycle Hypothesis.
The Fire-Lantana Cycle Hypothesis in Indian Forests
Anthropogenic fires in Indian forests probably date back to the arrival of the first hominids on the Indian subcontinent.However, with our continuing dependence on forests for a variety of resources,
Historical fire and bamboo dynamics in western Amazonia
Aim To determine if recurrent fire accounts for bamboo-dominated forests that cover about 180,000 km2 of western Amazonia. Location Western Amazonia, including Los Amigos and Cocha
Delayed Flowering in Bamboo: Evidence from Fargesia qinlingensis in the Qinling Mountains of China
TLDR
The characteristics of bamboos and bamboo stands were dramatically altered during this flowering event, enhancing seedling establishment and growth, and supporting mostly the habitat modification hypothesis of delayed reproduction.
Extended flowering intervals of bamboos evolved by discrete multiplication.
TLDR
The hypothesis provides the first theoretical explanation for the mechanism underlying this remarkable phenomenon of collective bamboo seed releases, and a prediction is that mast intervals observed today should factorise into small prime numbers.
On Incorporating Fire into Our Thinking about Natural Ecosystems: A Response to Saha and Howe
TLDR
The remarks by Saha and Howe (2001, in this issue) illustrate some of the problems ecologists have in trying to apply fire to their thinking about natural ecosystems.
Mass flowering and death of bamboo: a potential threat to biodiversity and livelihoods in Ethiopia
Flowering and hence seed setting is the most infrequent phenomenon in most bamboo species. Seed setting in bamboos most often occurs gregariously for all the plants irrespective of age and/or
J. Bio. & Env. Sci
  • 2011
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Mast Flowering and Semelparity in Bamboos: The Bamboo Fire Cycle Hypothesis
TLDR
This hypothesis proposes that irregular fruiting cycles are sufficient disequilibrium to inhibit seed predators from main-stage predators in bamboos.
Evaluating pyrogenicity and its effects on vegetation in longleaf pine savannas
Like many habitats containing uneven-aged stands of long-lived pines, longleaf pine (Pinus pa/ustris) savannas of the southeastern coastal plain are characterized by frequent fires (see reviews of
Ecological determinants of life history evolution of two Indian bamboo species
TLDR
It is proposed that the exponential nature of clump growth in conjunction with predator swamping has led to the evolution of a long pre-reproductive period and monocarpy, which characterize most Indian bamboo species.
Tachigalia versicolor is a suicidal neotropical tree
TLDR
Preliminary observations in Peru suggest that this behaviour is characteristic of several of the other 56 species in this genus, most of which occur in the Amazon Basin.
Managing Species Diversity in Tallgrass Prairie: Assumptions and Implications
Conservation and restoration ecology efforts may conserve or restore a particular image of a community, a variety of plausible images, or maximum biological diversity. The choice is a policy decision
EXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF THE SPATIOTEMPORAL SCALE OF SEED PREDATION IN MAST‐FRUITING DIPTEROCARPACEAE
TLDR
The influence of vertebrate predation on seed and seedling survival suggests that foraging behavior by terrestrial vertebrate seed predators may cause directional and/or stabilizing selection for synchronous, interspecific supra-annual dipterocarp seed production across forest regions in Kalimantan.
MASS‐FLOWERING OF A TROPICAL SHRUB (HYBANTHUS PRUNIFOLIUS): INFLUENCE ON POLLINATOR ATTRACTION AND MOVEMENT
  • C. Augspurger
  • Biology, Medicine
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1980
TLDR
This study concentrates on how mass-flowering of the individual plant influences pollinator movement and consequent gene flow and suggests that these contrasting flowering patterns attract different types of pollinators.
The evolutionary ecology of mast seeding.
  • D. Kelly
  • Biology, Medicine
    Trends in ecology & evolution
  • 1994
TLDR
Important advances seem likely from quantifying synchrony within a population, and examining species with very constant reproduction between years, but the other theories have less support.
Structural dynamics of a natural mixed deciduous forest in western Thailand
TLDR
It is suggested that both the fire disturbance regime and bamboolife-cycle greatly influence the structure and dynamics of this seasonal tropical forest.
EVOLUTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF GRASSES
TLDR
Recent developments in grass taxonomy give a new insight into their classification, and point to a phylogenetic sequence which maps differences in their internal metabolism, which constitutes a source of biological evidence in its own right.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...