The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger Syndrome/High-Functioning Autism, Malesand Females, Scientists and Mathematicians

@article{BaronCohen2001TheAQ,
  title={The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger Syndrome/High-Functioning Autism, Malesand Females, Scientists and Mathematicians},
  author={Simon Baron-Cohen and Sally J. Wheelwright and Richard Skinner and J Martin and Emma Clubley},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2001},
  volume={31},
  pages={5-17}
}
Currently there are no brief, self-administered instruments for measuring the degree to which an adult with normal intelligence has the traits associated with the autistic spectrum. In this paper, we report on a new instrument to assess this: the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ). Individuals score in the range 0–50. Four groups of subjects were assessed: Group 1: 58 adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA); Group 2: 174 randomly selected controls. Group 3: 840 students… 
[The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Japanese version: evidence from high-functioning clinical group and normal adults].
TLDR
A Japanese version of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient, a brief, self-administered instrument for measuring the degree to which an adult with normal intelligence has the traits associated with the autistic spectrum, is reported on.
[Autism-spectrum quotient (AQ) Japanese children's version " comparison between high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders and normal controls].
TLDR
The pattern of difference between the Japanese clinical group and the control group was remarkably similar to the findings in the UK.
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Children’s Version in Japan: A Cross-Cultural Comparison
TLDR
The pattern of difference between clinical groups and controls was found to be similar in both countries and males scored significantly higher than females.
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ)—Adolescent Version
TLDR
The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) quantifies autistic traits in adults and can rapidly quantify where an adolescent is situated on the continuum from autism to normality in children.
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Adolescent's Version in Turkey: Factor Structure, Reliability and Validity.
TLDR
In the test-retest of AQ-adolescent and subscale scores, "very strong" significant correlation values were detected and best distinguished the autism group from healthy controls with 0.975 sensitivity and 0.991 specificity.
The Autism Spectrum Quotient in a sample of Brazilian adults: analyses of normative data and performance
ABSTRACT. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by difficulties in social interaction and inflexible behaviors/interests. To quantify ASD traits in adults with preserved intelligence, the
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in Japan: A Cross-Cultural Comparison
The AQ (Autism-Spectrum Quotient) is a self-administered instrument for measuring the degree to which an adult with normal intelligence has the traits associated with the autistic spectrum. The AQ
Asperger syndrome and schizophrenia: Overlap of self-reported autistic traits using the Autism-spectrum Quotient (AQ)
TLDR
Although mean AQ scores separated Asperger syndrome and schizophrenia at a group comparison level, significant overlap of AQ scores across the two diagnostic groups clearly reduces the discriminating power of the AQ in the separation of schizophrenia from AS.
Evaluation of the validity of the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in differentiating high-functioning autistic spectrum disorder from schizophrenia.
TLDR
The usefulness of the Autism Spectrum Quotient in differentiating high-functioning ASD from SCH is limited, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves are applied to examine the discriminating power of the AQ.
Measuring autistic traits in the general population: a systematic review of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) in a nonclinical population sample of 6,900 typical adult males and females
TLDR
A comprehensive systematic review of the literature was performed to estimate a reliable mean AQ score in individuals without a diagnosis of an autism spectrum condition (ASC) and establish average AQ scores based on a systematic review, for populations of adult males and females with and without ASC.
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