The Authentication of the Turin Shroud: An Issue in Archaeological Epistemology [and Comments and Reply]

  title={The Authentication of the Turin Shroud: An Issue in Archaeological Epistemology [and Comments and Reply]},
  author={William Meacham and James E. Alcock and Robert W. Bucklin and Kenelm O. L. Burridge and John R. Cole and Richard J. Dent and John P. Jackson and Walter C. Mccrone and Paul Maloney and Marvin M. Mueller and Joe Nickell and Adam J. Otterbein and Samuel Frank Pellicori and Steven D. Schafersman and Giovanni Tamburelli and Alan D. Whanger},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={283 - 311}
The Turin Shroud has generated controversy ever since its first known display in 1353. Appearing under suspicious circumstances in an age of relic worship and forgery, it would long ago have been dismissed but for the unusual body image it bears. Scientific scrutiny of this "burial cloth of Christ" began in 1900 with anatomical studies of the apparent body imprint and its wounds suggesting crucifixion. Medical opinion has been unanimous in describing the imprint as that of a real corpse… 

The Shroud of Turin ’ s ‘ Blood ’ Images : Blood , or Paint ? A History of Science Inquiry

According to the New Testament’s book of John, Roman soldiers “flogged” Jesus of Nazareth, “twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head,” “struck him in the face,” and, along with two

Uncovering the sources of DNA found on the Turin Shroud

The analyses detected sequences from multiple subjects of different ethnic origins, which clustered into a number of Western Eurasian haplogroups, including some known to be typical of Western Europe, the Near East, the Arabian Peninsula and the Indian sub-continent.

Pollen on the Shroud of Turin: The Probable Trace Left by Anointing and Embalming

  • M. Boi
  • Environmental Science
  • 2017
This study proposes an alternative interpretation of the pollen grains found on the Christian relic of the Shroud of Turin, the majority of which belong to entomogamous plants. The examination of the

The Shroud of Turin

The "shroud" of Turin is a woven cloth about 14 feet long and 3.5 feet wide with an image of a man on it. Actually, it has two images, one frontal and one rear, with the heads meeting in the middle.

A revised, natural explanation for the shroud of turin image: creation of a composite Maillard reaction

The Shroud of Turin is a large linen cloth bearing the full size image of a man with wounds corresponding to scourging and crucifixion. The molecular basis for the image on the cloth is unknown,

Possible Signs of Life in the Shroud of Turin: The Perspective of a Facial Plastic Surgeon

  • Medicine
  • 2021
A remarkable symmetry is found between the data obtained from the image and the events described in the Gospels, regarding the death and resurrection of Jesus.

The poor carpenter: Reinterpretating Christian Mythology in the Assassin’s Creed Game Series

In the Assassin’s Creed game series, developer Ubisoft reinterprets traditional Christian mythology in a rationalistic-reductionist manner. Core narratives of the Old and New Testament, especially

Dreaming in Color: Anti-Essentialism in Legio Maria Dream Narratives

The article examines dreaming and dream narratives in Legio Maria, sub-Saharan Africa's largest African instituted church with a Roman Catholic background. Most Legios valorize a Black Christ and

Blood stains of the Turin Shroud 2015: beyond personal hopes and limitations of techniques

To establish that blood indisputably belongs to an MNS positive individual of the AB group, and to exclude DNA contamination, high-specificity techniques with monoclonal antibodies and molecular studies on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA are needed.

Signos de Vida en la Figura de la Síndone de Turín

The image on the Shroud of Turin shows both signs of death and life in a person whose image was imprinted when he was alive, if this is a fraud case, it should be considered as an artwork performed by a genius with medical, forensic and image processing knowledge from at least the XX century.



A Chemical Investigation of the Shroud of Turin

Michrochemical testing of materials recovered on “sticky” tape samples taken from the Shroud of Turin indicated that the image was produced by some dehydrative oxidative process of the cellulose structure of the linen to yield a conjugated carbonyl group as the chromophore.

Ancient Jewish Coins and Their Historical Importance

  • B. Kanael
  • History
    The Biblical Archaeologist
  • 1963
The Biblical Archaeologist is published quarterly (February, May, September, December) by the American Schools of Oriental Research. Its purpose is to meet the need for a readable, non-technical, yet

The Legal and Medical Aspects of the Trial and Death of Christ

  • R. Bucklin
  • Philosophy
    Medicine, science, and the law
  • 1970
In attempting to apply the rules of evidence to the results of the trial of Christ, the objective approach will be made, considering the qualifications and attitudes of the Evangelists upon whose descriptions the facts as they were presented are presented.

A comprehensive examination of the various stains and images on the Shroud of Turin

The chemistry of the various stains and images on the Shroud of Turin is presented. The chemical conclusions were drawn from all the data and observations, both physical and chemical, collected by

Spectral properties of the Shroud of Turin.

Spectrophotometric results from the 1978 investigation of the Shroud of Turin are presented, finding that the body image in a region extending from the near UV to the near IR shows monotonically increasing (featureless) absorption with decreasing wavelength.

The Shroud of Turin through the microscope

In an attempt to determine authenticity, the world-famous Shroud of Turin has been subjected to intensive examination, including microchemical analysis, fluorescence, radiography, infrared

When the Rhetoric Fades: A Brief Appraisal of Intellectual Trends in American Archaeology during the Past Two Decades

  • J. Sabloff
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1981
ogy with the "new archaeology" attempting to replace the "traditional archaeology." Clearly, the past two decades have been a time of intellectual excitement and upheaval in American archaeology. No

Some Opinions about Recovering Mind

Archaeologists have tried to reconstruct patterns of thought, meaning, and ideas, using theories of structuralism, cognition, and ideology. Case studies involving each of the theories are described,

Scientific investigation of the Shroud of Turin.

Three research papers discussing various scientific tests run on the Shroud of Turin, an ancient piece of linen that appears to bear faint images of a man's body, are introduced.

Ultraviolet-visible reflectance and fluorescence spectra of the Shroud of Turin.

A team of scientists performed nondestructive measurements on the Shroud with electromagnetic energy from x ray to the IR to develop data leading to the analysis of the substances making up the body image stains and bloodstains.