The Authentication of the Turin Shroud: An Issue in Archaeological Epistemology [and Comments and Reply]

@article{Meacham1983TheAO,
  title={The Authentication of the Turin Shroud: An Issue in Archaeological Epistemology [and Comments and Reply]},
  author={William Meacham and James E. Alcock and Robert W. Bucklin and Kenelm O. L. Burridge and John R. Cole and Richard J. Dent and John P. Jackson and Walter C. Mccrone and Paul Maloney and Marvin M. Mueller and Joe Nickell and Adam J. Otterbein and Samuel Frank Pellicori and Steven D. Schafersman and Giovanni Tamburelli and Alan D. Whanger},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  year={1983},
  volume={24},
  pages={283 - 311}
}
The Turin Shroud has generated controversy ever since its first known display in 1353. Appearing under suspicious circumstances in an age of relic worship and forgery, it would long ago have been dismissed but for the unusual body image it bears. Scientific scrutiny of this "burial cloth of Christ" began in 1900 with anatomical studies of the apparent body imprint and its wounds suggesting crucifixion. Medical opinion has been unanimous in describing the imprint as that of a real corpse… 

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References

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A Chemical Investigation of the Shroud of Turin

Michrochemical testing of materials recovered on “sticky” tape samples taken from the Shroud of Turin indicated that the image was produced by some dehydrative oxidative process of the cellulose structure of the linen to yield a conjugated carbonyl group as the chromophore.

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The Biblical Archaeologist is published quarterly (February, May, September, December) by the American Schools of Oriental Research. Its purpose is to meet the need for a readable, non-technical, yet

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The chemistry of the various stains and images on the Shroud of Turin is presented. The chemical conclusions were drawn from all the data and observations, both physical and chemical, collected by

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Spectrophotometric results from the 1978 investigation of the Shroud of Turin are presented, finding that the body image in a region extending from the near UV to the near IR shows monotonically increasing (featureless) absorption with decreasing wavelength.

The Shroud of Turin through the microscope

In an attempt to determine authenticity, the world-famous Shroud of Turin has been subjected to intensive examination, including microchemical analysis, fluorescence, radiography, infrared

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Some Opinions about Recovering Mind

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Three research papers discussing various scientific tests run on the Shroud of Turin, an ancient piece of linen that appears to bear faint images of a man's body, are introduced.

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A team of scientists performed nondestructive measurements on the Shroud with electromagnetic energy from x ray to the IR to develop data leading to the analysis of the substances making up the body image stains and bloodstains.
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