The Australian Snakebite Project, 2005–2015 (ASP‐20)

@article{Johnston2017TheAS,
  title={The Australian Snakebite Project, 2005–2015 (ASP‐20)},
  author={C. Johnston and Nicole M Ryan and C. Page and N. Buckley and Simon G. A. Brown and M. O’Leary and G. Isbister},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
  year={2017},
  volume={207}
}
Objective: To describe the epidemiology, treatment and adverse events after snakebite in Australia. 
Snake bite in India: A few matters to note
TLDR
The effort taken to quantify the magnitude of this neglected tropical disease in Midnapore is to be appreciated and the graphical abstract, published along with the article is not essentially something that is applicable in the Indian sub continent. Expand
Paediatric snakebite envenoming: the world’s most neglected ‘Neglected Tropical Disease’?
TLDR
The epidemiology, socioeconomic impact and key prevention strategies, and current challenges and priorities including the production and distribution of safe and effective antivenom are described. Expand
Snakebites: reducing their international impact
  • D. Warrell
  • Medicine
  • The Medical journal of Australia
  • 2017
TLDR
A 9-year-old Vietnamese girl, 17 hours after being bitten on the right elbow by a Malayan pit viper (Calloselasma rhodostoma), with extensive local swelling and bruising and discoid haemorrhages on the face. Expand
Risks and realities of single vial antivenom recommendations for envenoming by Australian elapid snakes
TLDR
Antivenom remains the cornerstone of management for snakebite, supplemented by other tools such as intensive care medicine, mechanical ventilation and haemodialysis, which is complicated by variability in quality, availability and dosing. Expand
Circulating microvesicles in snakebite patients with microangiopathy
TLDR
The role of microvesicles (MV) in snakebite patients has not been previously investigated and is associated with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia. Expand
Multiple thromboembolic strokes in a toddler associated with Australian Eastern Brown snake envenomation
TLDR
A case of thromboembolic stroke associated with Eastern Brown snake envenomation in a 2-year-old boy is described and the boy has made a good recovery. Expand
Time delays in treatment of snakebite patients in rural Sri Lanka and the need for rapid diagnostic tests
TLDR
Improved early antivenom treatment will require reliable, rapid diagnostics for systemic envenoming and a lack of reliable early diagnostic tests. Expand
Review article: Let us talk about snakebite management: A discussion on many levels
TLDR
The potential fallout when there is no consensus among medical experts is discussed, and antivenom use in snakebite clinical practice guidelines is discussed. Expand
Australian snakebite myotoxicity (ASP-23)
TLDR
Myotoxicity from Australian snakes is relatively common and has systemic effects, with significant associated morbidity and mortality, and CK is not a good early biomarker of mytoxicity. Expand
Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Snakebites: A Systematic Review
TLDR
High cost-effectiveness of the AV treatment for snakebites was evidenced, which shows that the allocation of resources for this event should be a healthcare priority in addition to implementation of strategies that improve the access to, opportunity, and quality of hospital and pre-hospital care and reduce the cost of AV. Expand
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References

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Snakebite in tropical Australia: a prospective study in the “Top End” of the Northern Territory
  • B. Currie
  • Geography, Medicine
  • The Medical journal of Australia
  • 2004
TLDR
The epidemiology of snakebite in the “Top End” of the Northern Territory, and the envenoming syndromes of individual snake species are described. Expand
Deaths from snake bite in Australia, 1981–1991
TLDR
To obtain and analyse data relating to snake bite fatalities in Australia, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and Environmental Health is using a database of snake bite deaths from 2002 to 2013 to obtain data on deaths in Australia. Expand
Antivenom dosing in 35 patients with severe brown snake (Pseudonaja) envenoming in Western Australia over 10 years
TLDR
The doses of antivenom administered to adult patients with severe brown snake envenoming are investigated to investigate the doses given to adults with severeBrownSnakeEnvenoming. Expand
Tiger snake (Notechis spp) envenoming: Australian Snakebite Project (ASP‐13)
TLDR
The clinical syndrome associated with definite tiger snake envenoming is described and the ability of tiger snake antivenom (TSAV) to bind free venom in vivo is examined. Expand
Snakebite deaths in Australia 1992‐1994 and a management update
TLDR
The importance of appropriate first aid is emphasised and an update on management presented, and the role of brown snakes in deaths is presented. Expand
Clinical effects of red‐bellied black snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus) envenoming and correlation with venom concentrations: Australian Snakebite Project (ASP‐11)
TLDR
Clinical features and laboratory findings in patients with definite red‐bellied black snake (RBBS) bites are described, including correlation with results of venom assays. Expand
Changes in serial laboratory test results in snakebite patients: when can we safely exclude envenoming?
Objectives: To determine which laboratory tests are first associated with severe envenoming after a snakebite, when (ie, how long after the bite) the test results become abnormal, and whether thisExpand
Australian taipan (Oxyuranus spp.) envenoming: clinical effects and potential benefits of early antivenom therapy – Australian Snakebite Project (ASP-25)
TLDR
Australian taipan envenoming is characterised by neurotoxicity, myotoxicity, coagulopathy, acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia, and one vial of antivenom binds all measurable venom and early antivenOM was associated with a favourable outcome. Expand
Ten years of snake bites at Fremantle Hospital
TLDR
Of the 13 patients definitely envenomated, 11 had a coagulopathy although seven were asymptomatic; four other patients may have been en venomated. Expand
Diagnosis of snake envenomation using a simple phospholipase A2 assay
TLDR
Using a simple assay, potentially a bedside test, high phospholipase activity in sera of patients with viper and elapid envenomation compared to minimal activity in non-envenomed patients is detected. Expand
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