The Association of Suicide and Bullying in Childhood to Young Adulthood: A Review of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Research Findings

  title={The Association of Suicide and Bullying in Childhood to Young Adulthood: A Review of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Research Findings},
  author={Anat Brunstein Klomek and Andr{\'e} Sourander and Madelyn S Gould},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={282 - 288}
Objective: To review the research addressing the association of suicide and bullying, from childhood to young adulthood, including cross-sectional and longitudinal research findings. Method: Relevant publications were identified via electronic searches of PsycNet and MEDLINE without date specification, in addition to perusing the reference lists of relevant articles. Results: Cross-sectional findings indicate that there is an increased risk of suicidal ideation and (or) suicide attempts… 

Bullying and Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors: A Meta-Analysis

It is demonstrated that involvement in bullying in any capacity is associated with suicidal Ideation and behavior, and future research should address mental health implications of bullying involvement to prevent suicidal ideation/behavior.

Association between victimization by bullying and direct self injurious behavior among adolescence in Europe: a ten-country study

This large-scale study has clearly demonstrated the cross-sectional association between specific types of victimization with self-injurious behavior among adolescents and what may be part of the risk and protective factors in this complex association.

Self-Harm, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicide Attempts in Chinese Adolescents Involved in Different Sub-types of Bullying: A Cross-Sectional Study

The findings highlight the different effects of sub-types of bullying on self-harm and suicidal risk and anti-bullying intervention and suicide prevention efforts should be prior to adolescents who are involved in physical and relational bullying.

Involvement in bullying and suicide-related behavior at 11 years: a prospective birth cohort study.

Estimating the Magnitude of the Relation Between Bullying, E-Bullying, and Suicidal Behaviors Among United States Youth, 2015.

Bullying and e-bullying were significantly associated with SA in logistic regression analyses, and the strong association between bullying, e-Bullying, and SA was highlighted.

Pathways From Bullying Perpetration, Victimization, and Bully Victimization to Suicidality Among School-Aged Youth

This article reviews the extant literature on the associations between bullying perpetration, victimization, and thoughts of or attempts at suicide and proposes five potential mediators, namely depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, loneliness, and hopelessness, that may explain this relationship.

Bullying and Suicidal Behavior During Adolescence: A Developmental Perspective

This review of the literature examines the problem of suicide and bullying from a developmental perspective with a focus on the unique characteristics of adolescence that may contribute to the

The Longitudinal Association of Being Bullied and Gender with Suicide Ideations, Self‐Harm, and Suicide Attempts from Adolescence to Young Adulthood: A Cohort Study

Being bullied in adolescence strongly predicts suicidal behavior and self-harm, regardless of gender, and preventive efforts might reduce the risk of later suicidality.

Bullying and suicide: a public health approach.




Victimization and suicide ideation in the TRAILS study: specific vulnerabilities of victims.

The association between victimization and suicide ideation was moderated by parental internalizing disorders (but not externalizing disorders) and feelings of rejection at home.

Bullying and suicide. A review

A systematic review of the previous 37 studies conducted in children and adolescents from communities, as well as in special populations that examined the association between bullying experiences and suicide, with an emphasis on the strengths and limitations of the study designs is provided.

Childhood bullying behaviors as a risk for suicide attempts and completed suicides: a population-based birth cohort study.

When examining childhood bullying behavior as a risk factor for later suicide attempts and completed suicides, each sex has a different risk profile.

Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide

  • S. HindujaJustin W. Patchin
  • Psychology
    Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
  • 2010
Examining the extent to which a nontraditional form of peer aggression—cyberbullying—is also related to suicidal ideation among adolescents suggests that a suicide prevention and intervention component is essential within comprehensive bullying response programs implemented in schools.

Bullying Behavior Is Related to Suicide Attempts but Not to Self-Mutilation among Psychiatric Inpatient Adolescents

Among girls, being bullied or bullying others are both potential risk factors for suicidal behavior, and psychiatric assessment and treatment should thus be considered not only for victims of bullying, but also for bullies.

Bullying, depression, and suicidality in adolescents.

The findings indicate that both victims and bullies are at high risk and that the most troubled adolescents are those who are both victim and bullies.

Victimization by peers and adolescent suicide in three US samples.

Twenty years' research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: a meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies.

  • D. HawkerM. Boulton
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2000
A meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies of the association of peer victimization with psychosocial maladjustment suggested that victimization is most strongly related to depression, and least stronglyrelated to anxiety.

Youth suicide risk and preventive interventions: a review of the past 10 years.

While tremendous strides have been made in understanding of who is at risk for suicide, it is incumbent upon future research efforts to focus on the development and evaluation of empirically based suicide prevention and treatment protocols.