The Association Between Social Cognition and Executive Functioning and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders

  title={The Association Between Social Cognition and Executive Functioning and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders},
  author={Matthew J. Hollocks and Catherine R. G. Jones and Andrew Pickles and Gillian Baird and Francesca Happ{\'e} and Tony Charman and Emily Simonoff},
  journal={Autism Research},
While high levels of anxiety and depression are now recognized as major co‐occurring problems in children and young people with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research examining possible associations with individual differences in neurocognitive functioning has been limited. This study included 90 adolescents with an ASD aged 14–16 years with a full‐scale IQ > 50. Using structural equation modeling, we examined the independent relationships between multiple measures of executive functioning… 

Real-World Executive Functions in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Profiles of Impairment and Associations with Adaptive Functioning and Co-morbid Anxiety and Depression

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Relations Between Executive Functions, Social Impairment, and Friendship Quality on Adjustment Among High Functioning Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Ass associations between several Executive Function domains, social impairment, and friendship quality on depressive symptoms and loneliness in adolescents with ASD indicated significant levels of parent-reported EF impairment were positively correlated with increased levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms.

Different associations between intelligence and social cognition in children with and without autism spectrum disorders

Among the children with ASD, scores on the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children correlated significantly with social cognition, indicating that higher intelligence is associated with better social cognition; for typically developing children, however, no significant correlation was found.

Internalizing Symptoms: Relations to Executive Functions in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Children with ASD exhibit significantly higher rates of internalizing symptoms than typically developing (TD) peers and co-occurring anxiety and depression are associated with greater negative

Everyday executive function predicts adaptive and internalizing behavior among children with and without autism spectrum disorder

  • E. GardinerG. Iarocci
  • Psychology
    Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research
  • 2018
The findings highlight the possibility that targeting particular EF domains among individuals with and without ASD may not only have direct benefit for behavior regulation and metacognitive abilities, but may also extend to other areas of life, including adaptive behavior and concomitant internalizing symptomatology.



Association between depression and anxiety in high‐functioning children with autism spectrum disorders and maternal mood symptoms

Preliminary evidence is provided that maternal mood symptoms may be related to depression and anxiety in their children with ASD and this research has implications for prevention and intervention efforts.

Exploring the Association Between Cognitive Functioning and Anxiety in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Social Understanding and Aggression

Three-way interactions between IQ, social understanding, and aggression predicted anxiety, and graphs of the interactions suggest that the association between IQ and anxiety is increasingly driven by either aggression or social understanding over the course of childhood.

The association of quality of social relations, symptom severity and intelligence with anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders

Higher anxiety levels were associated with a lower quality of social relations and lower symptom severity, and in this mainly high-functioning sample, intelligence was not related to anxiety levels, and moderating effects were found.

Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders without Intellectual Disability.

Exploring the Relationship Between Anxiety and Insistence on Sameness in Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • K. GothamS. Bishop C. Lord
  • Psychology
    Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research
  • 2013
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Parent-Rated Anxiety Symptoms in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Frequency and Association with Core Autism Symptoms and Cognitive Functioning

It is suggested that parent ratings could be a useful source of information about anxiety symptoms in this population of children with PDD, and some anxiety symptoms such as phobic and social anxiety may be closer to core symptoms of PDD.

Social Skill Deficits and Anxiety in High-Functioning Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders

The present study examined the prevalence and types of anxiety exhibited by high-functioning adolescents With autism spectrum disorders and factors related to this anxiety. Results suggest that

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This is the first study of the behavioural and cognitive correlates of severe mood problems in ASD and found that SMP in adolescents with ASD are related to other affective symptoms and maternal mental health problems.

Restricted interests and anxiety in children with autism

Examination of the association between the various modes of RI expression and anxiety disorder symptoms in 68 elementary-aged children diagnosed with high-functioning ASD indicated that symbolic enactment of RI in the form of play, rather than information collection or time engaged in RI, was significantly linked with the increased presence and severity of anxiety symptoms.

Exploring the Nature and Function of Anxiety in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders

[Clin Psychol Sci Prac 17: 281–292, 2010] This article considers the nosology and pathogenesis of anxiety disorders in youth with autism. The comparability of anxiety in the autism spectrum