The Association Between Physical Activity and Maternal Sleep During the Postpartum Period

Abstract

Physical activity is associated with improved sleep quality and duration in the general population, but its effect on sleep in postpartum women is unknown. We examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between hours/week of self-reported domain-specific and overall moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep quality and duration at 3- and 12-months postpartum among a cohort of 530 women in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Postpartum Study. MVPA was not associated with sleep quality or duration at 3-months postpartum. At 12-months postpartum, a 1 h/week increase in recreational MVPA was associated with higher odds of good (vs. poor) sleep quality (odds ratio, OR 1.14; 95 % confidence interval, CI, 1.03–1.27) and a 1 h/week increase in child/adult care MVPA was associated with lower odds of good (vs. poor) sleep quality (OR = 0.93; 95 % CI 0.88–0.99). A 1 h/week increase in child/adult care MVPA (OR 1.08, 95 % CI 1.00–1.16) was associated with higher odds of long sleep duration and 1 h/week increases in indoor household (OR 1.09, 95 % CI 1.01–1.18) and overall MVPA (OR 1.04, 95 % CI 1.01–1.07) were associated with higher odds of short (vs. normal) sleep duration. Comparing 3-months postpartum to 12-months postpartum, increased work MVPA was associated with good sleep quality (OR 2.40, 95 % CI 1.12–5.15) and increased indoor household MVPA was associated with short sleep duration (OR 1.85, 95 % CI 1.05–3.27) as measured at 12-months postpartum. Selected domains of MVPA and their longitudinal increases were associated with sleep quality and duration at 12-months postpartum. Additional research is needed to elucidate whether physical activity can improve postpartum sleep.

DOI: 10.1007/s10995-014-1458-3

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Cite this paper

@article{Vladutiu2014TheAB, title={The Association Between Physical Activity and Maternal Sleep During the Postpartum Period}, author={Catherine J. Vladutiu and Kelly R Evenson and Katja M Borodulin and Y U Deng and Nancy Dole}, journal={Maternal and Child Health Journal}, year={2014}, volume={18}, pages={2106-2114} }