The Armed Activities Case and Non-state Actors in Self-Defence Law

@article{Kammerhofer2007TheAA,
  title={The Armed Activities Case and Non-state Actors in Self-Defence Law},
  author={J{\"o}rg Kammerhofer},
  journal={Leiden Journal of International Law},
  year={2007},
  volume={20},
  pages={89 - 113}
}
In the Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo case the International Court of Justice has – for the first time in its history – found a state to have violated the prohibition of the use of force in Article 2(4) of the UN Charter. For the first time also, the Court has discussed the scope of self-defence directly under Article 51. In this article the focus lies on this aspect of a wide-ranging judgment. In finding that Uganda had violated the Charter, the Court kept to its jurisprudence… Expand
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