The Archaeology of the Early Islamic Settlement in Palestine

  title={The Archaeology of the Early Islamic Settlement in Palestine},
  author={Jodi Magness},
The Archaeology of the Early Islamic Settlement in Palestine evaluates the archaeological evidence for a significant transformation in the Middle East. In A.D. 634, a victory at the Battle of Adjnadayn allowed Muslims to conquer the Byzantine frontier and a new epoch opened for the region. The political history for Palestine is clear; the Byzantine Empire was pushed aside for the new, triumphant Islamic empire. The Umayyads ruled from Damascus from A.D. 661 until replaced by the Abbasids in A.D… Expand
Archaeology and material culture
A recurrent concern in the archaeological study of early Islam is the degree to which the physical record exhibits significant continuity with the centuries prior to 1/622. This chapter firstExpand
The Arabs to the Time of the Prophet
introduction: the question of sources In the present state of our knowledge it is not difficult to describe the physical setting for pre-Islamic Arabian history, and new archaeological discoveries inExpand
Bioarchaeological analysis of one of the earliest Islamic burials in the Levant
This study presents for the first time, a multidisciplinary bioarchaeological analysis of two individuals dated to late 7th and early 8th centuries from Tell Qarassa, an open-air site in modern-day Syria, indicating one of the earliest Islamic Arab burials in the Levant during the Late Antiquity period. Expand
The late Roman/early Byzantine Near East
In many areas of the Near East the Late Roman period, in terms of population size, settlement density and levels of exploitation, marks a pre-modern high. The territorial expansion of Rome began inExpand
From Standing Stones to Open Mosques in the Negev Desert: The Archaeology of Religious Transformation on the Fringes
  • G. Avni
  • History
  • Near Eastern Archaeology
  • 2007
Contrary to received wisdom, which assumes a rapid penetration of formative Islam into southern Palestine, the archaeological evidence from the Negev points toward a much slower transformation fromExpand
Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, and Aristocratic Dominance
The economy of the late antique Mediterranean is still largely seen through the prism of Weber's influential essay of 1896. Rejecting that orthodoxy, Jairus Banaji argues that the late empire sawExpand
The rise and fall of viticulture in the Late Antique Negev Highlands reconstructed from archaeobotanical and ceramic data
The archaeobotanical and ceramic dataset illuminates the rise and fall of local viticulture in the fourth to sixth centuries of the common era (CE), demonstrating interrelated growth in viticulture and involvement in Mediterranean trade reaching what appears to be a commercial scale in theFourth to mid-sixth centuries. Expand
The rise of Islam, 600–705
The first Islamic century began in 622 of the Common Era with the hijra, Muhammad's 'emigration' from Mecca to the town of Yathrib, which lies about 275 miles to the north. The hijra thus marked aExpand
Burying the dead on the Red Sea coast: Bioarchaeological research in Lower Aynuna in the 2015–2017 seasons of fieldwork
The archaeological site of Aynuna, located in northern-western Saudi Arabia, is believed to be the ancient Leuke Kome, a port linked by a caravan route with the Nabatean capital Petra. ArchitecturalExpand
An Umayyad Era Mosque and Desert Waystation from Wadi Shīreh, Southern Jordan
In the winter of 1988, while surveying Wadi Sh?reh in the ?ism? (or Wadi Ramm) Desert of southern Jordan, the ?Aqaba-Ma?an Archaeological and Epigraphic Survey, directed by the late William JoblingExpand


Agriculture and Nomad-State Relations in the Negev Desert in the Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods
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  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1995
The Negev is an arid desert, where the natural conditions do not allow for subsistence on agriculture. Nevertheless, remnants of ancient agriculture, particularly a tremendous network of terracedExpand
Saracens and Romans: Micro-Macro Relationships
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  • History
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Banning (1986) and Parker (1987) have put forward contrasting viewpoints on the relationship of the nomadic population (Saracens) to the settled inhabitants (Romans) in the late Roman-Byzantine era,Expand
Early Roman Manor Houses in Judea and the Site of Khirbet Qumran
De nombreuses interpretations du site de Qumran ont ete emises a ce jour, suggerant qu'il s'agissait d'une villa romaine, d'un centre d'activites commerciales, d'une forteresse, etc. Ces diversesExpand
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