The Apportionment of Human Diversity

  title={The Apportionment of Human Diversity},
  author={Richard C. Lewontin},
It has always been obvious that organisms vary, even to those pre-Darwinian idealists who saw most individual variation as distorted shadows of an ideal. It has been equally apparent, even to those post-Darwinians for whom variation between individuals is the central fact of evolutionary dynamics, that variation is nodal, that individuals fall in clusters in the space of phenotypic description, and that those clusters, which we call demes, or races, or species, are the outcome of an… 


It is now a commonplace that scientists’ social and political values and milieu influence their science. This has certainly been true of evolutionary biology. Darwin’s thinking, revolutionary though

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Richard C. Lewontin is arguably the most influential evolutionary biologist of the second half of the 20th century. His 1972 article, titled “The Apportionment of Human Diversity,” has been subject

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An Anthropological Perspective on "Race" and Intelligence: The Non-Clinal Nature of Human Cognitive Capabilities

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    Journal of Anthropological Research
  • 1999
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An estimate of average heterozygosity in man.

  • R. Lewontin
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    American journal of human genetics
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