The Application of Pupillometry in Hearing Science to Assess Listening Effort

@article{Naylor2018TheAO,
  title={The Application of Pupillometry in Hearing Science to Assess Listening Effort},
  author={Graham Naylor and Thomas Koelewijn and Adriana A. Zekveld and Sophia E. Kramer},
  journal={Trends in Hearing},
  year={2018},
  volume={22}
}
In recent years, the fields of Audiology and Cognitive Sciences have seen a burgeoning of research focusing on the assessment of the effort required during listening. Among approaches to this question, the pupil dilation response has shown to be an informative nonvolitional indicator of cognitive processing during listening. Currently, pupillometry is applied in laboratories throughout the world to assess how listening effort is influenced by various relevant factors, such as hearing loss… 
Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Listening Effort in Young Children with Cochlear Implants
TLDR
Three objective techniques for measuring listening effort are presented in this paper that may address the challenges of testing very young and/or uncooperative children with cochlear implants: pupillometry, electroencephalography, and functional near-infrared spectroscopy.
Pupil Responses of Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury During Processing of Speech in Noise
TLDR
Examination of the pupil dilation in adults with a normal pure-tone audiogram who experience serious difficulties when processing speech-in-noise showed that TBI participants with worse speech reception thresholds had a smaller pupil response.
Pupillometry as an objective measure of sustained attention in young and older listeners
TLDR
The results demonstrate that pupillometry can be a reliable and time-sensitive measure of the effort associated with attentive tracking over long durations in both young and (with some caveats) older listeners.
Pupil dilation reveals changes in listening effort due to energetic and informational masking
Pupil dilation has previously been shown to be a useful involuntary marker of listening effort. An inverse relationship between pupil diameter and signal to noise ratio has been shown when speech is
Task-Induced Mental Fatigue and Motivation Influence Listening Effort as Measured by the Pupil Dilation in a Speech-in-Noise Task
TLDR
The understanding that fatigue and motivation interactively influence listening effort is supported, as the first study to investigate the influence of task-induced fatigue on peak pupil dilation and PPD.
Autonomic Nervous System Correlates of Speech Categorization Revealed Through Pupillometry
TLDR
Pupillary data suggest CP reconstructs auditory percepts under challenging listening conditions through interactions between stimulus salience and listeners’ internalized effort and/or arousal.
Self-reported listening effort in adults with and without hearing loss: the Danish version of the Effort Assessment Scale (D-EAS)
TLDR
The Effort Assessment Scale into Danish (D-EAS) is a reliable tool to estimate self-perception of listening effort in adults with and without hearing loss and is sensitive to the impact of hearing loss.
Perception audiovisuelle de la parole dans le bruit chez les adultes implantés cochléaires
Les interactions sociales en milieu bruyant entrainent une mobilisation accrue des capacites cognitives et des ressources attentionnelles. La lecture labiale permet une meilleure comprehension dans
Sprachverstehen und kognitive Leistungen in akustisch schwierigen Situationen
TLDR
In clinical practice it is relevant to improve the audibility of speech through appropriate rehabilitative measures and at the same time to reduce the cognitive burden during understanding speech to consider “listening effort” as an expression of cognitive load in addition to the improvement of speech intelligibility.
Application of Data Mining to “Big Data” Acquired in Audiology: Principles and Potential
TLDR
The practical applications of some data mining techniques are described as applied to a large data set of examples of real-world device usage, as supplied by a hearing aid manufacturer.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES
The Effects of Hearing Aid Use on Listening Effort and Mental Fatigue Associated With Sustained Speech Processing Demands
TLDR
Results from subjective and select objective measures suggest sustained speech-processing demands can lead to mental fatigue in persons with hearing loss.
Listening effort and fatigue: What exactly are we measuring? A British Society of Audiology Cognition in Hearing Special Interest Group ‘white paper’
TLDR
It is suggested that researchers consider assumptions about the nature of these phenomena and their behavioural and physiological manifestations when interpreting data and, where possible, make predictions based on current theoretical knowledge to add to the understanding of the underlying mechanisms of listening effort and listening-related fatigue.
Toward a taxonomic model of attention in effortful listening
TLDR
A vectorial model is used to decompose the demand causing listening effort into its mutually orthogonal external and internal components and map the relationship between demanded and exerted effort by means of a resource-limiting term that can represent the influence of motivation as well as vigilance and arousal.
Hearing Impairment and Cognitive Energy: The Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL)
TLDR
This work adapted Kahneman's seminal (1973) Capacity Model of Attention to listening and proposed a heuristically useful Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL), which incorporates the well-known relationship between cognitive demand and the supply of cognitive capacity that is the foundation of cognitive theories of attention.
Relations Between Self-Reported Daily-Life Fatigue, Hearing Status, and Pupil Dilation During a Speech Perception in Noise Task
TLDR
This is the first study to investigate the relationship between a subjective measure of daily-life fatigue and an objective measure of pupil dilation, as an indicator of listening effort, and the findings help to provide an empirical link between pupil responses, as observed in the laboratory, and daily- life fatigue.
Hearing status, need for recovery after work, and psychosocial work characteristics: Results from an internet-based national survey on hearing
TLDR
Regression models revealed a significant association between hearing status and need for recovery after work, poorer hearing leading to an increasing need for Recovery, and poorer hearing led to a higher odds for risky levels of need forovery.