The Antikythera mechanism and the mechanical universe

  title={The Antikythera mechanism and the mechanical universe},
  author={Michael Edmunds},
  journal={Contemporary Physics},
  pages={263 - 285}
  • M. Edmunds
  • Published 22 September 2014
  • Physics
  • Contemporary Physics
How did our view of the Universe develop? By the mid-eighteenth century, a world view had developed of a system constrained by physical laws. These laws, if not entirely understood, showed regularity and could be handled mathematically to provide both explanation and prediction of celestial phenomena. Most of us have at least some hazy idea of the fundamental shift that came through the work of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo and Newton. The idea of a ‘Mechanical Universe’ running rather like a… 

The clockwork universe and the mechanical hypothesis

ABSTRACT It is something of a commonplace that the presence of clockwork throughout early modern Europe was a key technological factor in inspiring an approach to investigation of the natural world

Our current knowledge of the Antikythera Mechanism

The Antikythera Mechanism is the oldest known mechanical calculator. It was constructed around the second century bce and lost in a shipwreck very close to the small Greek island of Antikythera. The

Early Greek Astrophysics: The Foundations of Modern Science and Technology

The foundations of modern science and technology, metrology, experimental physics, theoretical physics, theoretical mathematics, astrophysics, including applied optics and spectroscopy go back to the

Time Simulating Solar System Models

Mechanical representations of the solar system have been around for thousands of years. The human fascination with the night sky has been recorded in every culture as far back as documented time.

A review of reconstruction research for the lost gearing of antikythera astronomical calculator

  • Jian-Liang Lin
  • Physics
    IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
  • 2019
This paper presented a review for the reconstruction research of the Antikythera mechanism, the mechanical calculator was made around the end of second century BC in ancient Greece. Under the

The Antikythera Mechanism

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, or stored in any retrieval system of any nature without prior written permission, except

The Antikythera mechanism

The discovery of this calculating machine is so significant that part of the history of ancient technology must be rewritten.



The Antikythera Mechanism: still a mystery of Greek astronomy?

nary surviving artefact from the ancient Greek world was discovered just one century ago. In 1900, sponge divers in the Mediterranean were forced away from their normal diving grounds by a storm. Off

The Antikythera Mechanism reconsidered

Abstract The Antikythera Mechanism, the world's oldest known geared mechanism, became widely known through the work of Derek Price who, concluding that its dials yielded astronomical and calendrical

Mechanical Astronomy: A Route to the Ancient Discovery of Epicycles and Eccentrics

The ancient Greek art of spbairopoiia was devoted to the building of models of the universe such as celestial globes and annillary spheres. But it also included the construction of geared mechanisms

Decoding the ancient Greek astronomical calculator known as the Antikythera Mechanism

The Antikythera Mechanism is a unique Greek geared device, constructed around the end of the second century bc. It is known that it calculated and displayed celestial information, particularly cycles

Why is Maxwell's theory so hard to understand?

Modesty is not always a virtue In the year 1865, James Clerk Maxwell published his paper " A dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field " in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. He

The Astronomical Events of the Parapegma of the Antikythera Mechanism

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONThe Antikythera Mechanism,1 found in an ancient shipwreck in A.D. 1901, is an extraordinary 2000-year-old astronomical computer that calculated

Solar Anomaly and Planetary Displays in the Antikythera Mechanism

Recent scholarship has greatly improved our understanding of the structure and function of the Antikythera mechanism.1 One unresolved issue is whether the mechanism included a display of the

On the Pin-and-Slot Device of the Antikythera Mechanism, with a New Application to the Superior Planets

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Perhaps the most striking and surprising feature of the Antikythera mechanism uncovered by recent research is the pin-and-slot device for producing the lunar

Newton's water clocks and the fluid mechanics of clepsydrae

  • A. Mills
  • History
    Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
  • 1982
Most biographies of Isaac Newton (1642-1727; F.R.S. 1672; P.R.S. 1703-1727) mention a water clock that he is reported to have constructed as a boy when living at Woolsthorpe Manor in Lincolnshire.

The Antikythera Mechanism: Compound Gear-Trains for Planetary Indications

The decipherment of inscriptions on the Antikythera Mechanism has yielded evidence supporting a reconstruction of its front dial display in which a concentric array of pointers indicates the date and